A review of abnormal vaginal discharge

A certain amount of vaginal discharge is normal. The walls of the vagina and cervix contain glands that help to produce a small amount of fluid to keep the vagina clean. This natural fluid is usually clear or milky white and thick. Natural vaginal secretions are thicker at certain times of the menstrual cycle (during ovulation), during breastfeeding, or during sexual stimulation.

An increase in the amount of vaginal discharge, an abnormal smell or fluid consistency, or pain, itching or burning associated with vaginal discharge can all be signs of infection or other more serious disorders.

Vaginal discharge is a normal thing for all women and it helps to keep the vagina healthy, washed and its pH is maintained, and it also prevents and fights infection. Many women and even young girls who are not menstruating yet experience vaginal discharge. Although variations in the color, texture, and amount of vaginal fluids are normal during a girl’s menstrual cycle, some changes in discharge may indicate a problem.

1- Sometimes we see secretions after bathing or in wet or dried form on underwear. To identify abnormal vaginal discharge, you must first learn the difference between normal and abnormal discharge. This will help identify the changes that may occur.
Natural liquids can vary somewhat in texture and color. The secretions can be somewhat thin, sticky and elastic or thick and sticky. Vaginal fluids should be clear, white, or milky.

2- It is important to remember the change in vaginal secretions. The following changes may indicate a problem:
– Change in smell (especially bad smell)
– Change in color (especially greenish, grayish, or anything resembling pus)
– Change in texture (such as foamy or cheese-like)
Vaginal itching, burning, swelling or redness
– Vaginal bleeding or spotting that is outside of the menstrual period.

3-Vaginal infections, such as bacterial vaginosis, candidiasis (fungal infection) and trichomoniasis are common causes of abnormal vaginal secretions. Some infections that can cause changes in vaginal discharge are spread by having sex (such as gonorrhea). Other infections can occur with or without sex, such as bacterial vaginosis or yeast infection.

4- If you notice any changes in your vaginal discharge or think there is a problem, you should see a doctor as soon as possible.
The symptoms of these infections can be very similar, but there are a few differences to recognize:
Yeast infection may cause very white and thick secretions that look like cheese.
– Fungal infection usually does not cause much smell, but you may experience severe itching and burning.
Bacterial vaginitis (BV) may cause the discharge to smell fishy. Fluids may be thin and gray in color.
Trichomoniasis, which is a sexually transmitted disease (STD), causes a strong odor. The discharge may be yellow, green, and may be foamy. Trichomoniasis also often causes vaginal itching and pain during urination.

5- See the summary of the above contents in the form of a table:

normal abnormal
Color Clear or white (yellowish after drying) Yellow or greenish or discharge
which suddenly changed color
smell Slight odor or no odor Strong odor or smell of infection
Or a sudden change in smell
Texture The texture is like a paste but sticky and clear Cheese-like texture when draining
Cluster-like or uneven
Volume It can be too little or too much
(especially when ovulation or arousal)
Sudden change in volume
Especially with other changes

17 January 1392 13:31

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