Are you a heart patient? This diet will help you lower your blood pressure and cholesterol levels, both of which are good for your heart. In fact, this diet eliminates tensions and high blood pressure. Even if you don’t have high blood pressure, this diet is worth following. It may help you lose weight because it is the healthiest way to eat. In this diet, a lot of vegetables, fruits, and low-fat products are used, and fatty substances, cholesterol, and sweets are reduced. In this article from the section Nutrition And Cardiovascular Dr. Salam, we will examine the best diet for heart patients.
Avoid salt for heart patients
Consuming a lot of salt causes a lot of fluid to build up in the body. This increases the pressure on the heart. In this diet, the amount of sodium entered into the body will be 2300 or 1500 mg per day, which depends on health, age and medical conditions. Here are some ways to reduce salt consumption:
- Choose foods that are low or no sodium.
- Do not use processed, smoked or sour foods.
- Limit processed foods. They contain a high amount of sodium.
Heart patients use legumes
Use all legumes, such as bread made from wheat, brown rice, semolina, popcorn, etc., it is the best way to supply the fiber needed by the body. Fiber helps lower cholesterol and feel better. Eat 6 to 8 meals a day to provide 2000 calories.
Eat plenty of vegetables at every meal
Vegetables provide the body with fiber, vitamins and minerals. They do not contain a lot of calories or fat and are the best foods to control blood pressure. Eat vegetables 4 to 5 times a day. 1/2 cup of raw or cooked vegetables, 1 cup of large, green leafy vegetables, or 1/2 cup of vegetable broth per serving. For starters, you can add salad to your meals.
Heart patients do not forget fruits
Fruits are rich in fiber and vitamins, which are very beneficial for the heart. Most of them contain potassium and magnesium which cause Lower blood pressure be. Eat fruit 4 to 5 times a day. In one serving, a medium apple or orange, half a cup of fresh fruit juice, a quarter cup of dried fruit, nuts. Try adding berries and bananas to your breakfast. Or use fruits for dessert.
Low-fat or fat-free foods are good sources of potassium and protein, which can help maintain normal blood pressure. Try to use dairy products 3 times a day. Choose 1% milk, low-fat or fat-free yogurt. Consume a cup of yogurt or milk or 15 grams of cheese per meal.
Use lean meat and fish
You can still use meat but make sure it is lean. Meats are a good source of protein and magnesium. It is also suitable to use fish and shrimp.
Add nuts and peanuts to your diet
Nuts, cashews and seeds are rich in magnesium, protein and fiber. They are rich in omega-3. Omega 3 risk of developing Heart disease reduces. Use foods containing these ingredients 5 times a week. Use 1/3 cup of nuts, 2 teaspoons of seeds, or 1/2 cup of cooked dry beans or walnuts per serving. Beans can be added to a soup or salad.
Leave the oil and fat aside
Eating too much fat will increase cholesterol and heart disease. With the help of this diet, you can reduce the amount of oil and fat two to three times. Use one tablespoon of margarine or vegetable oil per meal. When cooking, use vegetable oil such as olive, canola, instead of butter.
Consume enough potassium
Potassium is an important part of this diet. Getting the right amount of this mineral helps to lower blood pressure. It is better to get potassium from food rather than supplements. 4700 mg of potassium is needed per day. Foods rich in potassium are:
- Potatoes: 610 mg
- Sweet potato: 542 mg
- Banana: 422 mg
- Avocado: 487 mg
- Cooked spinach: 419 mg
The beginning of this particular diet
Following this diet is not difficult, but it requires a series of changes. See what your former diet looks like by writing down a few days of your diet. Then start changing. You need 2000 calories per day. Of course, the amount of calories needed depends on the physical condition and the amount of daily activities.
April 8, 1398 17:19
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