Health

bronchitis; Causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of bronchitis

What do you know about bronchitis? Are you familiar with the symptoms of this disease? How can these infectious diseases be treated? Bronchitis is an infection in the main air passages inside the lungs that causes irritation and inflammation of the bronchial tube. Bronchial tubes are air passages that exchange air in the lungs. In this article, we discuss the treatment of bronchitis from Dr. Salam’s diseases department. In this article, we will teach you how to diagnose and treat this disease.

What is bronchitis?

Bronchitis is a medical condition that causes swelling or inflammation of the bronchial passages in the lungs. Patients with this condition usually expel phlegm and mucus when they cough.

Types of bronchitis

Bronchitis is usually divided into two categories:

Acute bronchitis:

(chest cold) is the most common form of this complication. Symptoms of acute bronchitis usually last for 3 weeks.

Chronic bronchitis:

It is a continuous and severe condition that occurs mostly due to smoking. This is a condition in which the inflammation and swelling of the bronchial tubes remains constant and stable.

Its reasons and causes

Bronchitis is an infection that is usually caused by a virus or bacteria. In most cases, the virus is the cause of the flu and cold, which is still the cause of this complication.

Acute bronchitis usually occurs for the following reasons:

  • Viral infection
  • Bacterial infection
  • Exposure to smoke, dust and fumes

Chronic bronchitis is usually caused by the following reasons:

  • smoking
  • air pollution
  • Inhalation of toxic gases

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What are the symptoms of bronchitis?

Cough is one of the most common symptoms of bronchitis that continues for weeks even if the breathing tubes heal. Sometimes, cough is accompanied by phlegm. Other symptoms of this condition may include the following:

  • Sore throat
  • Headache
  • A hangover or stuffy nose
  • short breath
  • Wheezing sound when breathing
  • Body pain accompanied by shivering
  • low fever

risk factors

Factors that increase the risk of developing this condition include:

  • Weak immune system Caused by any other medical condition that may increase the risk of bruchitis.
  • Exposure to disturbing and stimulating workplaces Exposure to substances such as chemical fumes or dust that may irritate the respiratory tract increases the risk of bronchitis.
  • stomach reflex It causes heartburn and throat irritation and also increases the risk of bronchitis
  • other pulmonary conditions, Like asthma that narrows the airways inside the lungs and makes them more sensitive to irritation and swelling. Therefore, it increases the risk of this complication.
  • living or traveling Going to polluted places with poor air quality also increases the risk of contracting this condition

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Progression of bronchitis

Having bronchitis only once is not serious and dangerous, but the repetition of such a problem causes serious risks, which include:

Pneumonia

In every 20 bronchitis patients, one person gets pneumonia. Pneumonia occurs when the bacteria that cause bronchitis multiply in the body. People whose immune system agrees are more prone to pneumonia because their body alone will not be able to fight and resist bacterial diseases.

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Chronic bronchitis increases the risk of developing chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). COPD is the only term available to explain the development of lung diseases. COPD gradually reduces the function of the lungs, which causes difficulty in breathing, which after a while increases the risk of recurring chest diseases.

diagnosis

The doctor diagnoses the disease by considering the medical history, family history, and signs and symptoms in the person. A physical examination is performed using a stethoscope to detect any abnormal sounds in the lungs. The doctor recommends the following methods for accurate and complete diagnosis:

X-ray of the chest

Chest X-ray is the most common, simplest, most effective and safest medical test that uses a very small amount of radiation to find pneumonia or any abnormal condition in the lungs. Also, this test can determine the presence of fluid or air around the lungs.

Saliva or sputum sampling

Sampling of chest sputum is done to detect the structure (bacteria or virus) that caused the lung infection. This test helps the doctor to prepare a suitable treatment plan.

Testing the function of the tenosy and pulmonary system

Pulmonary function test is performed to detect and observe the function of the lungs. This test helps to measure and diagnose the capacity of the lungs to hold and extract air from the lungs. A lung test may include the following:

Spirometry: It is done to measure the flow of air into and out of the lungs.

Plethysmography: It is done to measure the volume of the lungs (the volume of air in the lungs).

Emission capacity test: It is used to detect and measure the function of tiny receptors inside the lungs (alveoli).

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Treatment of bronchitis

In moderate cases, bronchitis will improve within a few weeks without treatment. Most of the time, the cause of bronchitis is a virus, which is why antibiotic drugs are useless. But if the cause of bronchitis is bacteria, there is a possibility that the doctor will prescribe antibiotics. The doctor recommends drug treatments that include the following:

Cough Suppressant: Cough can be reduced by restricting the cough center in the brain.

Mucolytics: By reducing the thickness and stickiness of phlegm, it makes coughing easier.

Anti-inflammatory and inhaled drugs It is recommended if a person has asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or any other allergy.

Ways to reduce symptoms include:

  • Drink plenty of water (8 to 12 glasses a day)
  • Get enough rest
  • Take over-the-counter antipyretics and pain relievers.
  • Take a hot shower.

prevention

Both acute and chronic bronchitis can be prevented by the following ways:

  • Quit Smoking
  • Avoiding exposure to breast irritants such as dust, fumes and cigarette smoke.
  • Using a mask when exposed to polluted air
  • Frequent hand washing to limit exposure to microorganisms
  • Annual injection of pneumonia and influenza vaccine
  • Practice and exercise continuously
  • Doing breathing and aerobic exercises as well as yoga

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