Cause of scaling + home treatment

Scaling of the scalp is usually a side effect of serious health problems, in addition to scaling of the scalp occurs as a result of scratching the skin that burns. Some of the causes of scalp ulcers are highly contagious and you should recognize these symptoms immediately. There are many home remedies to relieve this complication, antiviral and antifungal medication can be a good choice. In this article from the section Beauty, skin and hairHello Dr., we are examining the scaling of the head.

What does scaling of the head mean?

Scales on the scalp cause itchy skin and include sensitive patches of scalp. When these scales are on the person’s head, the person constantly scratches them, but this only makes the complication worse. Using the right treatment for scalp is a bit of a challenge, as it can be caused by a variety of health problems. You should consult a dermatologist before treating scaling, as a specialist can diagnose the root cause of the problem.

What causes scalp?

Contact dermatitis

Contact dermatitis It is an inflammation of the skin that occurs due to external allergens. This allergic reaction can occur whenever the body comes in contact with irritants. When contact dermatitis occurs on the scalp, this allergic reaction can be due to hair dye, shampoo or other factors. Sometimes allergies are transmitted through hair brushes or combs.

In very rare cases, this complication is transmitted from poisonous leaves such as poison ivy, and this happens if the scalp is in direct contact with the leaves. This complication is characterized by inflamed and swollen skin that burns and stings.

This complication causes small scaly patches on the scalp. If you constantly steam that part, it can cause bleeding and scarring. Contact dermatitis is treated by removing the allergen. A dermatologist can help you diagnose the cause of the complication with various tests.

In some cases, doctors use intradermal tests by injecting an allergen into the skin. Once you have identified and eliminated the allergen, you should give your skin time to cleanse itself. Related burns and itching can be treated with warm water compresses and shampoos for sensitive skin. Your doctor may prescribe steroids in cases where the complication is very severe.

Scaling of the head

Seborrheic dermatitis

The complication of scaling is sometimes associated with dandruff. However, the exact relationship between seborrheic dermatitis and dandruff is unclear. Some medical experts say that the two are similar but have nothing to do with each other. Others report that seborrheic dermatitis causes dandruff. In this article, we consider these two complications as separate but related. Seborrheic dermatitis occurs in different parts of the body where sweat is produced and accumulated, such as the groin, armpits and scalp.

These sebaceous glands secrete sweat that covers the skin. This discharge is a perfectly normal response, but it is not entirely clear why it causes skin irritation in some people. Although the exact cause of seborrheic dermatitis is not completely known, some medical experts say that stress, hormonal fluctuations and even the weather cause this complication.

Some say there is a direct link between this complication and other diseases such as diabetes and Parkinson’s. Seborrheic dermatitis consists of yellow or white scales on the skin. Human skin becomes scaly and burns, causing dandruff and sores. Treatments such as shampoos that have healing properties moisturize the skin.

In more severe cases, corticosteroids are used to control and relieve the itching. If dandruff develops, certain shampoos used to treat dandruff can help reduce scaling and control itching. These treatments alone do not cure seborrheic dermatitis, but they do prevent side effects. Sometimes the condition resolves on its own, but it can take years.

Scaling of the head

Psoriasis of the scalp

Psoriasis is an autoimmune complication of the skin and occurs when the body’s white blood cells attack healthy skin cells and think they are foreign cells. This causes the body’s cells to overproduce, creating thick, shiny patches on the skin. Scalp psoriasis, as its name implies, affects the scalp and is more common in the United States.

Psoriasis can cause itching, burning and dryness of the scalp. Psoriasis can also cause hair loss. If you steam the skin, a large part of the skin will become sore and scaly and may also become inflamed. Psoriasis of the scalp is not contagious. In many cases, people are genetically predisposed to psoriasis due to a genetic background and may lead to problems such as stress, injury or infection. There is no known cure for psoriasis, but it can be controlled with effective treatments.

Treatment of scalp psoriasis depends on the severity of this complication. Mild cases can be controlled with therapeutic shampoos, which help moisturize the scalp and control itching. High-intensity cases are controlled with topical or injectable steroids. In addition, a dermatologist may prescribe medications to control the condition.

Scaling of the head

Lichen planus disease

This condition, also called follicular lichen planus, affects the scalp. As we said about psoriasis, this inflammatory autoimmune disorder occurs when the body’s immune system attacks healthy cells. This complication causes red and purple bumps on the skin and these bumps may turn into blisters and cause itching.

When these blisters open, they cause sores. People with lichen planus may see white patches and reddish patches around the hair follicle. Hair loss is one of the complications of this complication, the created wounds prevent the growth of new hair on the scalp. This complication can also cause bumps and blisters on other parts of the body. In addition, it causes brittle nails, white spots inside the mouth and sores on the genital area.

Sometimes lichen planus heals on its own. However, it is best to be diagnosed and treated by a medical professional. No treatment can cure hair loss and sometimes this complication starts again and lasts for years. Treatment for this condition includes the use of topical, oral, or injectable steroids to control inflammation. Sometimes a dermatologist will prescribe an antihistamine to control itching and prevent further damage to the scalp.


Shingles, also called herpes zoster, is caused by the varicella zoster virus, which also causes chickenpox. When you get chickenpox, the virus stays in your body system. If the virus is reactivated, a person will get shingles. The cause of varicella zoster virus reactivation is not clear. Some medical experts say that the weakened immune system and old age are among these factors.

But other studies have shown that these attacks can recur in healthy people. Shingles is not as contagious as chicken pox. If you have never had chickenpox, you can get varicella zoster virus from someone who has shingles. Of course, in this case, you will get chickenpox, not shingles. For this reason, anyone with shingles should stay away from people who have not been exposed to the virus before.

Unlike chickenpox, which spreads throughout the body, shingles only affects small parts of the body, which may include the scalp. This condition includes itchy red grains, blisters, and large bumps on the skin. Itching, if smallpox and blisters open, can cause sores. Shingles is painful and is usually accompanied by headache, weakness in the facial muscles and fever.

These side effects can be treated with antiviral drugs. Sometimes treatment for this condition involves the use of painkillers and topical creams to control the symptoms. This complication sometimes lasts between 3 to 5 weeks. Sometimes the disease comes back. Some of the complications of shingles may be permanent.

Scaling of the head

Fungal infection of the scalp

It is a fungal infection that affects the skin, scalp and hair follicles. When the disease affects the scalp, it is called baldness or fungal infection of the scalp. Fungal infections of the scalp are highly contagious. Contact with an infected person or animal can increase the risk of developing the disease.

In addition, you may be affected by touching an object that the person with the disease has touched. Fungal infections of the scalp are very common among children. This complication is accompanied by red spots and itching on the scalp. If left untreated, the seeds can become inflamed and larger.

When this happens, the hair becomes thin and brittle and falls out. This phenomenon also causes scalp scarring and permanent hair loss. Fungal infections are treated with antifungal drugs. Shampoos and creams that have healing properties are also used to treat itching and prevent the spread of this complication. Because the disease is highly contagious, you should clean equipment that you may be infected with. This means throwing away combs and toothbrushes and washing all clothes you suspect may be infected. Also check with family members and pets to see if they show any symptoms.

Head lice

Similar fungal infectionThis invasion of aliens is also highly contagious and is very common among children. Lice, even if small, are still perfectly visible to the naked eye. An adult lice is about the size of a sesame seed. Lice eggs are smaller, but can still be seen in the hair. Without light, lice are difficult to detect.

When this complication worsens, their presence is felt more. In this situation, you may even feel their movement on your scalp. The presence of lice causes itching and sometimes the itching becomes so great that the skin becomes sore. Sometimes the damage is so severe that it causes an infection.

There are many over-the-counter medications for head lice. These medications usually need to be used over two periods. Adult lice die in the first course of treatment, but the lice eggs still do not die. During the second period of treatment, which is about nine days after the first period, the remaining lice that have hatched are eliminated. As we said in fungal infections, you should throw away your combs and toothbrushes and clean and wash all your clothes and beds again to prevent infection.

Scaling of the head

Home treatment of itching and scaling of the head

There are simple treatments to control itchy scalp and pain at home. But first you need to talk to a dermatologist about scaling the scalp to prevent more serious complications. In many of the above cases, antifungal and antiviral drugs can be helpful. In addition, the following steps prevent burning and itching:

Hot water compress:

Keeping the scalp moist and warm prevents itching.


Use shampoos for sensitive skin and do not use too much shampoo as much as possible.

Do not dye your hair:

Hair coloring causes a burning sensation on the scalp.

Limited use of shampoo:

Remember to use shampoo only a few times a week. You can only dampen and wet your hair while taking a shower or bath.

Some oils and creams, such as aloe vera, are used to soothe the scalp. Sometimes these home remedies are very useful for treating itchy scalp, but it is still recommended that you consult a dermatologist before any home remedy. In addition, allergies to certain oils can cause contact dermatitis, which can lead to scaling of the scalp. Finally, remember to avoid scratching your scalp. Touching the affected area delays the healing process.

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