Pain in the testicles can have many causes. In this section of Dr. Salam medical journal, we will introduce you to the causes of testicular pain.
Bruising and swelling are usually considered as bad effects of direct blows. However, in spite of this warning, in most cases, these issues can be resolved within a few days by taking protective measures. Protective measures include:
- Wear special underwear, The use of painkillers and hot compresses. Swelling and bruising from vasectomy can be treated in the same way.
- Infection: Both the testicles and adjacent tissues have a significant susceptibility to infection. When these infections occur, the inflammation causes pain and the testicles will be very painful, especially to the touch.
- Bacterial infections They usually rise through the urinary tract and cause infections in these organs, which, of course, respond well to antibiotics. Viral infections such as mumps in adults rarely cause testicular involvement. But in the event of a conflict, they usually involve one testicle. But sometimes both testicles get involved. In a very small number of people, mumps testicular infection can lead to deep involvement if both testicles are involved.
- Varicose veins of the testicles and accumulation of water around the testicles (hydrocele): Both of these conditions can cause discomfort around the testicles. In this case, the person feels more pain around the testicles, and the testicles themselves are usually painless. The veins around the testicles, like the veins in the legs, can become varicose, causing a feeling of warmth at the tip of the testicles and the location of the varicose veins around the testicles. Sometimes the arteries also become sensitive to touch. In moderate to severe cases, the use of surgical methods to remove varicose veins will be a treatment strategy.
- Hydrocele: It means the accumulation of clear fluid inside the sac that surrounds the testicle. Sometimes this condition can be present from birth, mostly due to abnormalities in the formation of sacs around the testicles. Small hydrocells are difficult to detect and heal on their own. But large types of hydrocele need to be treated surgically.
- فتق: A hernia occurs when the muscle wall that makes up the abdomen weakens at one point and part of the intestinal loops protrude through this gap, creating a mass that is visible on the skin. A hernia causes a ring to come down from the bowel, causing the testicles to appear larger than usual and causing pain that appears to be more of an abdominal origin, and the pain is made worse by movement, coughing or sneezing.
- Testicular torsion: The testicles are somewhat mobile, and their attachment to the scrotum minimizes movement. But sometimes, with sudden and intense pressure, the testicles may rotate and twist, resulting in poor blood circulation. Then the testicles become swollen and painful. However, sometimes swelling may cause the torsion to return. But permanent torsion can be very dangerous because if there is not enough blood supply to the testicles, the tissue will die within 6 hours. Therefore, surgery should be performed immediately to correct this disorder. But if the testicle is damaged, it must be removed. It is said that a man with a testicle can also pursue his normal sexual activity and have children.
- Sometimes sexual arousal that does not eventually lead to ejaculation can lead to congestion in the fallopian tubes, which can lead to testicular pain, which is not generally dangerous but can be unpleasant. In any case, the pain will improve after a few hours.
- Kidney stones: Occasionally there is a sharp pain in the abdomen during the expulsion of the stone, which usually spreads to the testicles. This type of pain will be characteristic of stone excretion. Sometimes blood may even appear in the urine. Treatment for kidney stones is recommended when the doctor does not find any testicular disorders in the presence of such symptoms.
- testical cancer: This type of cancer rarely causes pain and discomfort in the testicles. Testicular cancer typically causes painless swelling in a testicle. Examination can not determine the cause of the swelling, which is from the testicles or sperm ducts. Because this cancer is more common between the ages of 15 and 35 and if left untreated can lead to dangerous complications. Therefore, if there is any mass in the testicles that is newly formed and looks abnormal, you should see a doctor. At present, up to 99% of testicular cancers can be successfully treated if diagnosed early. Therefore, there is no room for fear and diagnostic and therapeutic measures should be taken immediately