Causes of flatulence from a medical point of view

One of the most common stomach problems is flatulence. Stomach bloating can have various causes. In this article from Hi doctor We have discussed the causes of stomach bloating and ways to prevent it. Our advice is not to miss this section.

Stomach bloating Although it is common, it is not always caused by the factors mentioned and some serious health problems can be raised in connection with it.

Stomach bloating It’s almost an epidemic and that’s because diet poor, experiencing high levels of stress, exposure to various pollutants, etc.

Fortunately, in many cases, stomach bloating can be resolved by following a balanced and healthy diet, but if this problem persists and is accompanied by other symptoms such as the following, you should seek further medical examinations:

Itchy skin or hives
Watery eyes, itchy throat, or other allergic reactions
Constipation or diarrhea
Vomiting and nausea
Blood in the urine or stool
Unwanted weight loss
Pain around the lymph nodes, including the groin, throat, or armpit
Difficulty concentrating

Major causes of bloating

Digestive disorders

Most people experience symptoms such as bloating, distention, etc. when dealing with various digestive disorders such as irritable bowel syndrome, ulcerative colitis, and celiac disease. Some reports indicate that flatulence is common in 96% of people with irritable bowel syndrome and 56% of people with chronic constipation also experience it.

Fluid retention or edema

Sometimes fluid can accumulate throughout the body, including near the abdomen or pelvis, causing excessive bloating and temporary weight gain. You may also experience joint swelling and pain as a result. This process can be caused by cancer Of course, in rare cases.


Consuming salty foods or drinking alcohol makes the body bloated and dehydrated. Constipation due to dehydration is another cause of bloating.


Constipation caused by a low-fiber diet, dehydration, inactivity, and stress are another cause of bloating and discomfort in the stomach.

Food sensitivities

Most food sensitivities, such as lactose intolerance, are common causes of bloating in the stomach. Foods containing gluten such as grains and legumes and some dairy products can also cause this symptom.


You can experience bloating when dealing with an infection and the resulting inflammation. Some other signs of infection such as fever and swollen lymph nodes should also be checked.


This symptom is accompanied by constipation, nausea, vomiting and, of course, flatulence. Intestinal obstruction is caused by scar tissue or a tumor. A blocked intestine prevents the passage of stool and causes painful conditions along with bloating.

Hormonal changes

Premenstrual syndrome is associated with digestive issues such as bloating and also exposes a person to constipation and fluid retention.


Bloating can be one of the symptoms of colon cancer or uterine cancer. You should definitely contact your doctor if the bloating persists and worsens to identify this type of cancer.

Stomach bloating

Preventive tips

Your diet plays an important role in preventing or aggravating bloating. To prevent bloating, make sure you have a high fiber diet. Fiber consumption should be at least 25 to 30 grams per day. Adding fiber to your diet is not difficult and you just need to eat more vegetables, fruits, nuts and seeds.

Determine whether you are allergic to wheat or lactose: these 2 substances cause bloating, but should be diagnosed by a doctor.

Avoid eating quickly

Eating food quickly without chewing well causes swallowing of air and bloating. Eating should take at least 30 minutes. Note that food digestion starts from the mouth and by chewing more you can reduce stomach bloating. Another characteristic of slow eating is the feeling of fullness. Studies have shown that the slower you eat, the less you will eat.

Avoid excessive consumption of carbonated drinks

These types of drinks, even their diet types, can lead to gas being trapped in the stomach. Instead, drink mineral water with the taste of lemon, orange, cucumber or reduce the daily consumption of carbonated drinks. Peppermint tea is also effective for reducing and relieving stomach bloating.

Limit salt

Ready-to-eat foods are high in salt and low in fiber, both of which cause bloating. When buying ready-made and canned food, pay attention to its contents.

Reduce consumption of beans and flatulent vegetables

If you are not used to eating beans, you will face bloating by eating vegetables like broccoli and cauliflower. This is not to eliminate them from your diet, but to add them to your diet little by little so that the body gets used to the ingredients.

Eat smaller meals

Instead of 3 full meals, eat multiple and smaller meals. This will help control blood sugar and hunger in addition to preventing bloating. So stick to 5-6 smaller meals a day and the recommended nutrients.



Being active to regulate the functioning of the digestive system, fight with constipation It helps improve blood circulation and accelerates the detoxification process of the body. Doing at least 30 to 60 minutes of exercise for 5 days a week can reduce the symptoms of bloating.

Talk to your doctor

If the bloating is due to other underlying diseases, you need diagnostic tests to determine the cause of the bloating. Your doctor may prescribe a blood test, ultrasound, endoscopy, colonoscopy, or biopsy to determine the cause of bloating.

Source: Shafa online

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