Health

Checking the signs of hemophilia

Have you ever heard about hemophilia? What are the symptoms of this condition in the body of different people? Hemophilia is a type of blood disease that manifests itself in the body of sufferers with various blood disorders and bleeding for no reason. Bleeding in the stool and Urine, abnormal nosebleeds and bruises for no reason can indicate that you have hemophilia.

Globally, one person out of every 1,000 people lives with hemophilia, and many people are still undiagnosed and untreated.
According to healthline, there are many factors in the blood that play a role in creating clots and stopping bleeding. A person with hemophilia lacks one of the factors necessary for blood clotting or has a small amount of it. Among the factors effective in blood coagulation are factors 8 and 9. Hemophilia is also classified according to severity. Hemophilia can be mild, moderate or severe according to the level of blood clotting factors.
Hemophilia is a genetic disease and cannot be cured, but steps can be taken to minimize symptoms and prevent future complications.
The severity of the patient’s symptoms depends on the severity of the factor deficiency. People with mild clotting factor deficiency may bleed from trauma or injury. People with severe deficiencies bleed for no reason and experience spontaneous bleeding. Spontaneous bleeding includes:
The presence of blood in the urine
Blood in the stool
deep bruise
Unexplained bruises
Excessive bleeding
bleeding gums
Frequent nosebleeds
Pain in the joints
All these symptoms are considered emergency and if you experience any of them, you should see a doctor immediately.
In addition to taking a complete history and performing clinical examinations, the doctor may request several blood tests, including measurement of the level of coagulation factors, complete blood cell count, measurement of bleeding time, and / or DNA test. Ask about family history.
The aim of treating hemophilia is to prevent the complications of the disease and first of all the complications it causes in the joints and brain. Treatment may include:
Parents can be asked to buy soft toys with rounded corners for younger children. In the case of children who have just learned to walk or have become more active, helmets and cotton clothes can be used. the possibility of doing sports in which there is a high probability of collision during school; It must be carefully evaluated.
During vaccination, subcutaneous injection can be used instead of intramuscular injection to avoid deep muscle bleeding.
Joint bleeding may require surgery or immobilization of the joint. Rehabilitation of an injured joint can include physical therapy and exercise to strengthen the muscles around the joint.
Before surgery and dental work, the doctor may prescribe an intravenous injection of factors to increase the blood level of coagulation factors before surgery.

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12 September 1395 21:00

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