Due to the common embarrassment and shame in our society, the level of public information about sexually transmitted diseases is low, especially among young people who are considered a dangerous group, but we must take into account all the moral and religious aspects of the necessary training and mandatory warnings. He expressed it at the general level. These types of content are just information for young parents.
Bacteria that lead to infertility if left untreated
All kinds of viruses, bacteria and parasites can be transmitted from one person to another through sexual contact. Unfortunately, there are no specific and effective antiviral treatments for various viral sexually transmitted diseases such as hepatitis, herpes, HPV, etc., but bacterial infections are easier to treat, provided they are diagnosed on time. In general, the most common sexually transmitted diseases are its bacterial types. The most common bacterial diseases include gonococcus (the cause of gonorrhea) and chlamydia. These diseases do not cause many symptoms. As a result, a person may be infected but not realize it. Their symptoms are usually in the form of mild discharge, burning in the genital area, and pelvic pain, which can be easily treated with regular antibiotics if diagnosed early. The important thing about these two diseases is the creation of uterine infection, which causes infertility in young women. In fact, because they don’t have noisy symptoms, a person may not notice it at all and not go for treatment. As a result, these microbes can gradually transfer from the lower areas to the upper areas, that is, to the uterus and fallopian tubes, and lead to adhesions and infertility. So timely diagnosis of these two diseases is very important.
Syphilis is still common!
Syphilis, which has a relatively familiar name, is another serious bacterial infection that can be transmitted through sexual contact. In fact, contrary to what some people think, syphilis has not been completely eradicated and is still very common. Most people are surprised when we tell them that the risk of syphilis is high because they think that this disease no longer exists. In the past, when antibiotics were more limited, syphilis was much more common. Fortunately, the syphilis microbe is very sensitive to antibiotics and its main treatment is penicillin. Syphilis is completely curable, but if the infected person does not realize it, it can be very dangerous. This disease may not show itself in the early stages and can only be seen as a small pimple, but the second and third stages are very dangerous and the third stage can be fatal. So that it causes severe complications in the central nervous system, brain, joints, etc. Among other bacterial sexually transmitted diseases, we can mention chancroid, which causes chronic wounds in the genital area. Fortunately, this disease can be treated with different antibiotics if diagnosed.
This virus is carcinogenic, both for men and women!
Another serious and common virus, especially in people who have a lot of contact and the number of sexual partners, is the genital wart virus or HPV. Many people are infected with this virus, but they may not have clinical symptoms or specific skin lesions. As a result, this virus is easily transmitted through sexual contact. This disease may appear as a normal genital wart, which can be treated in various ways, including burning, freezing, etc., but unfortunately, it can be very dangerous in the long run. Some types of this virus greatly increase the risk of cervical cancer in women, so that it is known as the most common and important cause of cervical cancer. This virus can lead to all kinds of genital cancers not only in women but also in men. Therefore, the necessary measures should be taken regarding treatment and preventive measures.
Genital herpes has no definitive treatment
Another important and common virus that can be transmitted through sexual contact is “herpes” or the herpes virus that causes genital herpes. Its symptoms are similar to herpes on other parts of the body. In this way, a painful pimple is formed in the genital area and it usually takes a week to 10 days to heal by itself. This disease, like cold sores, does not have a definitive treatment, and if a person gets it once, the disease will recur every once in a while. The important point is that even when the affected person does not have herpes, he can transmit the virus to another person through genital secretions. Also, if a woman is infected and becomes pregnant, this virus is easily transmitted to the fetus and causes complications in the baby. In addition to affecting the reproductive system, genital diseases also affect the human reproductive system. It should be noted that AIDS and hepatitis B virus can also be transmitted from mother to fetus.
Do not forget hepatitis B vaccine!
From the family of viruses, after HIV, which is at the top, the hepatitis B virus can also be transmitted through sexual contact, if the person has not received the hepatitis B vaccine. Even if the affected person does not have the relevant symptoms such as jaundice, he can be a carrier of this disease. Currently, hepatitis B vaccine is routinely given to all children in Iran, but those who are more than 22 years old may not have received this vaccine as children, so they can go to health centers and receive this vaccine. It has been seen that hepatitis C and A can also be transmitted through sexual contact, but the probability is much lower than hepatitis B and it happens very rarely.
Parasites can also cause infertility
“Trichomonas vaginalis” or “trichomoniasis” is a protozoan parasite that is transmitted through genital secretions. This parasite usually does not cause symptoms in men, but in women it can cause severe discharge, pelvic pain and other discomforts, and if it is not treated, it can lead to long-term effects on the reproductive system and infertility. Pubic louse is another parasite that can be transmitted through sexual contact. In this way, if a person has lice on his genital area, he can easily transmit it to another person. Scabies is also a parasitic agent and if a person is infected with this skin disease, it can be transmitted to another person through sexual contact.
September 4, 1392 22:15
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