Complications of constipation, ways to prevent and treat it

Chronic constipation can cause intestinal discomfort. Occasional constipation is common, but some people who suffer from chronic constipation may have problems in doing their daily tasks. In this article from Hi doctor We have prepared the complications of constipation, its prevention and treatment methods. Join us.

Chronic constipation is irregular bowel movements or difficult passage of stool that continues for several weeks or longer. Constipation is generally described as having fewer than three bowel movements per week.

Although occasional constipation is very common, some people with chronic constipation may find it difficult to carry out their daily activities.

Complications of constipation

Complications of chronic constipation include:

Swollen veins around the anus (hemorrhoids)

A blockage in the intestinal tract may cause swelling in the veins in and around your larynx.

Tearing of the skin around the anus (fissure or anal fissure)

Large or hard stools can cause small tears in the anus.

Stool that cannot be expelled (faecal incontinence)

Chronic constipation may result in a heavy build-up of stool that gets stuck in your intestines.

Rectal prolapse

In it, the entire thickness of the wall of the right intestine (rectum) falls down and often exits from the anus.

Prevention of constipation

The following can help you prevent chronic constipation.

Include high-fiber foods in your diet, including beans. the vegetablesPut fruits, whole grains and legumes

Eat less low-fiber foods such as processed foods and dairy and meat products

Drink plenty of fluids

Be active if possible and try to exercise regularly

try Stress manage the

Do not postpone the time of defecation

Try to have a regular schedule for bowel movements

Treatment of constipation

Constipation often happens because people don’t have enough fiber or water in their diet. Constipation can also be the result of not exercising enough, or it can be a side effect of a number of different medications. But the good news is that there are a number of healthy, gentle and natural remedies for constipation. You can get help from home remedies for constipation and natural remedies and lifestyle changes. Tommy can help you treat severe constipation and prevent it from recurring. If you are dealing with recurrent constipation and none of the following methods help you, see a specialist.

Immediate actions


Drink more water

Hard and dry stools are a common cause of constipation, so the more water you drink, the easier it will be to pass stools. Especially when you increase fiber in your diet, it is very important to drink more water.

Men should drink at least 13 cups (3 liters) of fluids per day and women should aim for at least 9 cups (2.2 liters) of fluids per day.

Avoid caffeine and alcoholic beverages if you are constipated. Caffeinated beverages such as coffee and soda, as well as alcohol, are diuretics. Diuretics dehydrate your body by increasing urination. This may make constipation worse.

Other fluids, such as fruit juice and herbal teas, are good sources of fluids. From the teas caffeine avoid Pear and apple juices are good natural laxatives.

Eat more fiber

Fiber is a natural laxative. This substance increases the amount of water in your stool and helps to enlarge and move your intestines so that the stool moves quickly and easily through your intestines. Sometimes changing your fiber intake can cause bloating, so gradually increase your dietary fiber intake. Experts recommend that you should get at least 20 to 35 grams of dietary fiber each day.

Fiber can absorb a lot of your medication, so take it at least one hour before or two hours after taking fiber.

Some good options to increase your fiber intake include:

Berries and other fruits, especially those with edible skins such as apples and grapes.

Vegetables such as broccoli, spinach, carrots, cauliflower and green beans.

Legumes such as kidney and red beans, white beans, as well as lentils and chickpeas.

Unprocessed whole grains. A simple rule of thumb is that if the color is light or white, it has probably been processed. For whole grains, use brown rice, popcorn, and oats. If you want to eat breakfast cereal, read the label to make sure it’s high in fiber.

Seeds and nuts such as pumpkin seeds, sesame, sunflower, or flax seeds as well as almonds and walnuts.

eat plums

The fiber in plums is very high. Plums also contain sorbitol, a stool-relaxing sugar that naturally helps with constipation. Sorbitol is a mild bowel stimulant that helps reduce bowel movements and reduces the risk of constipation.

If you don’t like the crunchy texture or unique taste of plums, try plum juice. However, plum juice has less fiber than plums.

100 grams of plums have 14.7 grams of sorbitol. While 100 grams of plum juice has 6.1 grams of sorbitol.

Do not overdo the consumption of plums. Alu takes a few hours to work.

Avoid cheese and dairy products

Cheese and dairy products usually contain lactose, which many people are very sensitive to. This lactose can cause gas, bloating and constipation for some people. If you have constipation problems, eliminate cheese, milk and many other dairy products from your diet to feel better.

The exception in dairy products is yogurt, especially yogurt that contains live probiotics. Yogurt contains probiotics that have been shown to increase frequency of bowel movements and reduce pain during bowel movements.

Use castor oil

When you are constipated, castor oil can irritate your bowels. It can also make your bowels looser, so that stool can slide more easily.

Castor oil is generally safe. However, you should only take the recommended dose. If you have appendicitis or intestinal obstruction, you should consult your doctor. Do not use castor oil if you are pregnant.

Castor oil may cause very few but unpleasant side effects. Consuming too much castor oil causes stomach ache, dizziness, fainting, nausea, diarrhea, skin rash, shortness of breath and chest pain.

Note that fish oil may cause constipation. Do not take fish oil supplements for constipation except as directed by your doctor.

Take magnesium

Magnesium can be effective in reducing constipation. This substance helps to absorb water into the intestine and softens the stool so that it can move through the intestine. Consult your doctor before taking magnesium supplements because it may interact with medications such as antibiotics, muscle relaxants, and blood pressure medications. In addition, there is magnesium in foods such as broccoli, beans, almonds and hazelnuts.

Magnesium hydroxide, also known as milk of magnesium, is effective in treating constipation.

changing life style


Add yogurt to your daily diet

Yogurt contains live bacteria (probiotics) that create the right environment for your digestive system to have a regular bowel movement schedule. Try adding a cup of yogurt to your daily diet.

Avoid processed foods

Processed foods and fast foods cause chronic constipation. These foods are often high in fat, low in fiber, and low in nutrients. Foods to avoid include:

Junk snacks high in fat and sugar can cause constipation. Your body will try to get its calories from fat first, which slows down digestion.

Sausage and red meat often contain large amounts of fat and salt. Look for meats like fish, chicken, and turkey.
Potato chips, French fries, and similar foods do not provide many nutrients and are very low in fiber. Eat popcorn instead of fries.

Exercise more

Lack of exercise may cause weakness in your intestines. Daily lifestyle can affect the digestive system and cause constipation. Exercise at least 3-4 times a week on average.

Walking, swimming, jogging, and yoga are all good options. Even 10-15 minutes of daily exercise can help your body to have regular bowel movements.

Source: Infohealth

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