Comprehensive information about MS

In this section, comprehensive and complete information about MS has been prepared, which you can read. MS is a chronic disease that affects different areas of the central nervous system and causes different clinical symptoms in the patient and in the long run can lead to different degrees of disability. The disease is mainly seen in the age group of 20-40 years and affects women more than men. The main mechanism of the disease is the occurrence of autoimmune phenomenon and destruction of myelin (the covering layer of nerve cells) and to a lesser extent the cells of the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord). Factors such as genetic predisposition, geographical area, viral infections and stress are considered to be influential in its emergence. The hallmark of inflammatory bowel disease is the presence of multiple plaques in the white tissue of the brain in which the myelin is completely or incompletely destroyed.

Types of MS:

There are five types of the disease, which include:

1- Primary progressive

2- Secondary progressive

3- Progressive-recurrent

4- Recurrent-healing

5- CIS

Diagnosis of MS:

None of the laboratory tests or imaging techniques alone can make a definitive diagnosis of the disease, and a set of clinical signs, imaging findings and blood and spinal fluid tests, and sometimes optic nerve strain; Makes the diagnosis possible.

Symptoms and complications of MS:

Signs and complications are quite different depending on the severity of the inflammation and destruction of brain cells, as well as the location of the injury in the brain. Different (tingling, murmurs, anesthesia), urinary incontinence, dizziness and premature fatigue; It is a complication of the disease. Another characteristic of MS is heat intolerance.

Pregnancy and MS:

The recurrence rate decreases during the third trimester of pregnancy. Many studies have shown an increase in recurrences in the first six months after delivery. Overall, pregnancy does not appear to have a long-term effect on the course of the disease or the degree of disability it results from.

Treatment of MS:

In recent years, the use of drugs that affect the immune system has reduced seizures and to some extent the disability of patients. Some drugs are used during an attack to reduce inflammation of the nervous system and the severity of symptoms and complications, some are used as a preservative to change the course of the disease and reduce seizures, and some drugs are used as symptomatic treatment to relieve symptoms and complications. And the growing trend of symptoms in many patients, the care required by these people is very wide and should not be considered only in terms of medical treatment of patients. Many emotional and social support can be as helpful and effective as medication.

Rehabilitation and rehabilitation uses: Skin care and prevention of bed sores, prevention of muscle wasting, helping to maintain and maintain normal bowel movements, prevention and treatment of osteoporosis, prevention of further development of disability, prevention of adverse deformities Strengthen weak muscles, strengthen healthy muscles, plan to improve the functioning of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems to increase strength.

Types of MS rehabilitation methods:

Physiotherapy, Occupational therapy, Speech therapy, Rehabilitation in inflammatory bowel disease

Things an MS patient should know:

1- You should not do intense activity that raises your body temperature. Heat disrupts nerve conduction. It is necessary for the patient to always keep himself cool.

2- Do not take a hot bath.

3- Do not have stress and mental and physical pressure.

4- Have a balanced weight.

5- Walk, exercise, exercise and swim in gentle water. But sports that raise the temperature too much or sauna is prohibited. Do aerobic exercise.

6- Have a good sleep.

7- Do not wait for the recurrence of the attack and the complications of the disease.

8- The mechanism of the disease and its effects are different in each person. Everyone’s disease is their own. There are a number of criteria for prediction, but they are not definitive.

9- Be calm.

10- Trust your doctor.

11- Ask your doctor or consultant the questions you have.

12. Always be hopeful, maybe one day you can get rid of MS alone.

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