Any type of inflammation of the esophagus caused by eating irritating and destructive substances can cause cancer in the esophagus. Hot tea and coffee،ObesityHistory of the disease are one of the most common causes of this disease.
Dr. Assadollah Alidosti, oncologist and chairman of the 9th Congress of Clinical Oncology, told news agencies yesterday that 50% of the most common cancers in our country are related to the gastrointestinal tract, among which cancers of the stomach, colon and esophagus are more prevalent. Is.
According to Jam Jam, Dr. Ebrahim Daryani, a specialist in gastrointestinal diseases, recently told ISNA that people in the northern cities of the country, especially in Golestan province, are more likely to develop esophageal cancer than in other parts of Iran. Due to the high concentration of nitrate that is transferred to agricultural products, he was considered the cause of esophageal cancer in this region.
Dr. Parviz Daryaee, General Surgeon and Scientific Secretary of the Iranian Society of General Surgeons, in an interview with Jamjam, noting that esophageal cancer is the third most common gastrointestinal cancer in the country, says: Nitrate fertilizer compounds used in rice cultivation are the most important risk factor for Esophageal cancer is in the north of the country. This type of chemical fertilizer is used in the north of the country to process high quality rice.
The esophagus is a tube that carries food and fluids from the throat to the stomach. When we swallow, the muscular wall of the esophagus contracts to move food down to the stomach, however, esophageal cancer occurs when cancerous and malignant cells develop in the esophageal tissue. Of course, the prevalence of this type of cancer is higher in people over 50 years.
Why does esophagus become cancerous?
If stomach acid is secreted repeatedly and enters the esophagus under the influence of many factors, the lower part of the esophagus becomes inflamed, and over time, the inflamed cells in this area can begin to change, leading to cancer.
“Geographical factors play a very important role in esophageal cancer,” says Dr. Daryaee about the risk factors for esophageal cancer. On the other hand, environmental factors such as poor oral hygiene, smoking, alcohol consumption, hot and burning liquids and nitrated foods, as well as the use of leftover, salty and smoked foods such as sausages and fish are also effective in esophageal cancer. In other words, any kind of inflammation of the esophagus due to eating caustic and destructive substances, causes cancer in this organ.
The expert adds: “It goes without saying that the cause of aging, heredity and genetic mutations, obesity and a history of other diseases in a person such as head and neck cancers, increase the risk of this disease. Of course, many use animal waste as fuel in Villages are considered to be one of the risk factors for esophageal cancer. It is even said that repeated use of detergents due to the presence of alkalis may cause complete destruction of the esophagus and cancer.
When it becomes difficult to swallow food
Difficulty swallowing water and food, chest pain, frequent coughs, and loss of appetite are symptoms of esophageal cancer.
Helicobacter pylori (Helicobacter pylori is a bacterium that causes most gastric ulcers and causes some cancers) is an effective factor in the development of gastrointestinal cancer, especially gastric and esophageal cancer, and adds: Men and women over 45 years of age If they have burning sensation in the back of the sternum and symptoms of indigestion, they should see a gastroenterologist, especially if these symptoms are accompanied by symptoms such as weight loss, thinness, and anemia. However, endoscopy is recommended to definitively diagnose cancers of the upper gastrointestinal tract, such as esophageal cancer.
He adds: “Unfortunately, since gastrointestinal cancers are usually detected in advanced stages in Iran, back and spine pain due to lesion pressure on the lumbar nerves is also considered as another symptom of this disease.”
Esophageal cancer is treated
As mentioned, esophageal cancer is diagnosed by endoscopy and esophageal imaging. “If the disease is diagnosed in the early stages, it can be completely cured, but unfortunately in most patients, esophageal cancer is diagnosed in the late stages and due to the progression of the disease, the process goes on,” says Dr. Daryani. Surgery, chemotherapy or radiation therapy may be necessary for the patient.
Esophageal cancer prevention
“Such people should have an endoscopy for early diagnosis from the age of 45 and a colonoscopy from the age of 50 onwards,” said Dr. Daryani, emphasizing the education of families with a history of esophageal and gastric cancer in their first-degree relatives. The treatment of esophageal cancer in advanced stages is surgery, while early diagnosis, proper nutrition and hygiene are the most important factors in preventing this disease.
According to this expert, one of the effective factors in the incidence of cancers of the upper gastrointestinal tract is a deficiency of B vitamins, especially B1 and iron. Therefore, to prevent gastrointestinal cancer, it is necessary to provide the necessary amount of these vitamins and minerals. Keep in mind that 35 to 40 percent of cancers can be controlled by lifestyle changes that reduce air pollution, proper nutrition and environmental care are effective factors in lifestyle modification.
Dr. Daryani emphasizes: In the case of esophageal cancer, the best way to prevent it is to refrain from smoking and drinking alcohol, hot drinks and salty foods. You should also see a gastroenterologist if you have any gastrointestinal disorders that last more than a week.