Sun-stained skin discoloration can be very dangerous and problematic, and people who do so run a high risk of developing skin cancer and exposing their bodies to a variety of sun-induced complications.
Many people look forward to the swimming season every year to take advantage of the scorching sun and, in addition to escaping fatigue, reduce the heat pressure on their bodies; Of course, some of them do not intend to swim, but seek to change color.
According to Salamat News, quoted by IRNA, this group prefers to stay in the sun for a few hours to change the color of their skin; Unaware that the skin suffers from sunburn with prolonged exposure to sunlight and can sometimes have irreversible side effects.
Sunburn is one of the destructive effects of sunlight on the body when swimming in the sea or outdoor pools, which is called inflammation of the skin after excessive exposure to the sun. The sun’s rays have a visible spectrum and invisible ultraviolet and infrared rays.
These two invisible rays can cause burns. Sunlight on the sea surface or in snowy mountainous areas reflects more ultraviolet light and causes burns.
Some people believe that a small amount of sunburn does not harm the skin, but experts have repeatedly warned that this misconception and sunburn in childhood and adolescence can lead to skin cancer in adulthood.
Excessive exposure to sunlight can cause skin cancer, premature aging and blemishes; Although exposure of the skin to sunlight is essential for the strength of the bones of the body, continuous and unprotected long-term exposure can have some irreversible side effects.
Infrared rays Infrared waves are a group of invisible rays of the sun that heat up after colliding with an object, which is why we feel warm when we are exposed to sunlight.
Infrared rays of sunlight produce heat and heat and if left unprotected can cause severe damage to the skin, including sunburn.
Ultraviolet (UV) rays are also in the range of sunlight that reaches us after millions of kilometers from the sun. This part of the sunlight is not in the range of human vision and we can not see it, so it is also called dark light.
This ray is divided into three categories: UV-A, UV-B, UV-C. The Earth’s atmosphere intensifies the radiation. In addition to the Earth’s atmosphere, factors such as dust, air pollution and clouds also reduce the intensity of radiation. Therefore, climbers in the highlands are more exposed to this radiation.
** Sunburn and increased skin cancer
“The sun’s rays have a greater effect on the skin after hitting the surface of the sand,” said the deputy director of the Dermatology and Leprosy Research and Training Center.
Dr. Mansour Nasiri Kashani added: “Sunburn in youth increases the risk of skin cancers in adulthood by 8 to 9 times.”
He continued: “The best swimming hours are before 10 in the morning and after 5 in the afternoon, and swimming in the sea or outdoor pools should be done with care so as not to damage the skin.”
The deputy director of the Dermatology and Leprosy Education and Research Center of Tehran University of Medical Sciences, pointing out that the amount of sunlight is more acceptable during these hours, emphasized: People should not expose themselves to sunlight and avoid sunbathing or tanning. Avoid skin on beaches and solariums.
Nasiri emphasized that before going to swimming, soak your skin in suitable sunscreens to minimize sunburn.
** Use suitable sunscreen
“If you are exposed to the sun, it is better to use sunscreen suitable for the body and face,” said the deputy director of the Center for Education and Research in Dermatology and Leprosy. But we do not need to increase the SPF in sunscreens. The higher the SPF of the sunscreen, the more fat-soluble it is and the harder it is for the consumer to tolerate.
According to Nasiri, about 30 SPF is enough for us Iranians.
“When applying sunscreen, we should not think that we will be completely protected from the sun’s rays,” he said.
Nasiri said that sweating is another complication of the hot season and said: “This complication that we see in the hot season is mostly seen in the folds of the body.”
The deputy director of the Center for Education and Research in Dermatology and Leprosy advised people not to be exposed to sunlight during peak heat hours, if possible, to avoid this complication.
Health News: Do not change the color