How much do you know about snow fever? To what extent can this complication be transmitted from animal to human? Effective medical advice about this complication.
The deputy director of the Ministry of Health’s Center for Infectious Diseases Management explained the public’s concern about the spread of “snow fever”.
“People should not worry about this because there is no common occurrence of this disease from animal to human and it is very rare,” said Mahmoud Nabavi about people’s concern about transmission to the “snow fever” patient.
In this regard, the Deputy Minister of Health of Khorasan Razavi General Veterinary Administration, pointing out that snow fever is a native disease of the Middle East, which is considered as the most important threat to livestock trade, added: Snow fever is one of the diseases resistant to the environment so that even During the latent period, the disease is easily transmitted and the highest prevalence of snow fever is in Mashhad, Torbat-e Jam and Fariman. Since the beginning of this year, 450 sheep have died in the province, which is 1.5% of the number of light livestock in the province.
According to wikipedia, foot-and-mouth disease (English: Foot-and-Mouth Disease) is an infectious and sometimes fatal viral disease that infects poisonous animals, including domestic cows and members of the Gaussian family. The virus initially causes a high fever for two to three days, followed by blisters that appear inside the mouth and on the feet, which may rupture and cause the animal to limp. The disease is highly contagious and aerosol droplets excreted from infected animals, contact with livestock equipment, food, vehicles, contaminated clothing, and domestic and wild predators can spread the disease. This disease is considered as a plague for the livestock industry. Control of the disease depends on vaccination, intensive care for the transport of animals, quarantine of infected animals, restrictions on the sale and purchase of animals, and sometimes the extinction of millions of livestock.
Cows, ewes, sheep, goats, pigs, deer and deer are susceptible to snow fever. Elephants, hedgehogs and llamas are more resistant to the disease and if they are infected, they show mild symptoms and do not transmit the disease to other animals. Mice, rats and poultry became infected in vitro, but their exposure to the virus under normal conditions is unlikely. Humans rarely get the disease.
The virus that causes the disease is a type of Picorna virus and a member of the genus Aphtovirus. Infection occurs when viral particles enter the host cell. The virus then forces the host cell to produce thousands of copies of itself, which are eventually released into the bloodstream by destroying the cell. The virus has various forms, and this is what causes the effect of vaccination.