Definition of autism with description, cause, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment

Autoimmune disorder is also known as infant autism or childhood autism. It almost always occurs before the age of three and is characterized by verbal and nonverbal communication disorders, social interactions, new or other behaviors. Children with autism often have severe problems with healthy relationships with others. In many cases, these children are unable to interpret non-verbal cues such as facial expressions

Autism is a developmental disorder characterized by abnormal verbal communication behaviors. The symptoms of this disorder appear in the first years of life and its main cause is unknown. This disorder is more common in boys than girls. The economic, social, lifestyle and educational level of the parents do not play a role in the development of autism. This disorder affects the normal development of the brain in terms of social interactions and communication skills. Children and adults with autism have difficulty with verbal and nonverbal communication, social interactions, and play-related activities. This disorder makes it difficult for them to communicate with others and the outside world. In some cases, self-harming and aggressive behaviors are also seen. Repetitive movements (touching, jumping), unusual responses to people, attachment to objects, or resistance to change are also seen in these people, and there may be sensitivity in the five senses (sight, hearing, touch, smell, and taste). Show unusual. At the heart of Autism Disorder is communication disorder.

50% of autistic children are not able to use language as the main means of communication with others. Not using the pronoun “I” is one of the verbal features of these children. Another theological issue is the repetition of words and sentences of those around you.

What are the types of pervasive growth disorders?

There are several disorders in the subgroup of penetrating growth disorders. In pervasive growth disorders there is severe damage in several growth areas. People who are classified as pervasive developmental disorders have difficulty communicating socially, but the severity varies.

The main points that make the difference between the disorders are:

Autistic disorder

: Communication, social interaction and imaginative play are clearly damaged. Repetitive interests, activities, and behaviors are seen. The disorder begins in the first three years of life.Asperger’s disorder It is characterized by damage to social interactions and the existence of limited activities and interests. There are no general clinical signs of language delay, meaning that patients actually have fewer speech problems. Intelligence is normal or higher than normal.

Rat disorder

: It is a progressive disorder that is seen only in girls. At first, the developmental stages are normal, but then they lose the previously acquired skills and purposeful use of the hands, and instead, repetitive hand movements occur, which begin between the ages of 1-4 years.Disruptive childhood disorder Growth is normal for at least the first two years of life. There is a serious loss of skills he already had.

Penetrating nonspecific growth disorder

: The symptoms alone do not have any of the above disorders and can not be included in any of the above categories.

What causes autism?

Autism is a disorder that is affecting more and more people. Although autism seems to be a rare complication, recent data suggest that the prevalence of autism is as high as 20 cases per 10,000 live births. Autism is 3-4 times more common in boys than in girls. Although the underlying cause is not fully understood, there has been a great deal of research and study in recent years. Research has placed great emphasis on the biological and neurological origins of the brain. Many families have a history of autism or related disorders that suggest a genetic origin, although no specific gene has been identified for autism. Researchers disagree on the role of genetics in the etiology of autism, with some citing a combination of several genes as the cause of the disorder. There are several theories about autism, none of which have been conclusively proven.

Autism is not a mental illness

Children with autism are not rebellious children who have chosen their own behaviors. Autism is not caused by having bad parents, and no specific psychological factors are known to delay a child’s development.

What are the symptoms of autism?

People with autism usually show at least half of the symptoms listed below. These symptoms range from mild to severe. In completely different situations, behaviors that do not match the child’s age are observed. · They insist on being the same and are resistant to change.

They have severe speech problems.

They have difficulty expressing needs and use gestures instead of words.

They often use pronouns in reverse, using “you” instead of “I”.

They repeat the words or sentences of others.

Laugh and cry for no reason or worry for no apparent reason.

They growl and become very upset for reasons that are not obvious to others.

Unable to relate to others.

They do not like to be hugged or hugged by others.

They have no eye contact or little eye contact.

They do not respond to the usual training method.

They do not play well with toys.

They like to spin and swing a lot.

They feel more or less pain.

· They are not afraid of dangers.

They are active or sedentary.

They do not respond to speech or sounds as if they are deaf, although their sense of hearing is healthy.

70% of children with autism have intellectual disabilities.

Misconceptions about autism:

1. Children with autism never make eye contact.

2. Autistic children have genius.

3. Children with autism do not speak.

4. Autistic children are not able to show their love.

Other beliefs:

1. The development of these children means that they are completely healed.

2. Children with autism cannot smile at others.

3. Autistic children do not make loving physical contact.

We know that these children perceive sensory stimuli differently, which makes it difficult for them to express love and communicate emotionally. But anyway, these children can love. If we believe in these children, we will be able to trade emotionally with them.

A word with dear parents

The most important principle in family mental health is the acceptance of talents, individual differences and finallydisability

Is a child. Relying on God Almighty, considering our child’s abilities, and encouraging him as much as possible with the teachers, along with all members of the family, to recognize our child’s defects such as sensory, physical, motor and mental problems, and by placing the child in position. Let’s agree to see him progress as much as possible.

Visual impairment

Visual impairment is a decrease in the ability to see. The terms low vision, low vision, and blindness are used to describe the extent of visual impairment.

Half-sighted: It is quite clear.

Visually impaired: People who have trouble even correcting their eyes with assistive devices. The blind can use the rest of their vision. Only 20% of them are completely blind.

Educational blindness: A person who is unable to use sight and relies on senses such as hearing and touch, and must receive special training in coordination with other senses to Learn

To use.

Partially deaf

A deaf person is a person whose sense of hearing is not useful for normal life purposes.

Hearing impairment to:

* Mild (40-25 dB)

* Medium (55-41 dB)

* Semi-severe (70-56 dB)

* Severe (90-71 dB)

* Deep (91 dB)

Is divided.

Training methods in this disorder:

* Reading speech or lip reading

* Verbal communication using auditory and visual remnants

* And verbal communication


Everyone with a hearing impairment should make full use of the hearing aid.


A person develops epilepsy in which some of his brain cells are abnormally discharged of electrical energy. In such a case the discharged energy spreads to the adjacent cells; As a result, conditions such as anesthesia, involuntary movements or abnormal sensory phenomena occur.

Children who are hyperactive, active

A hyperactive child is a child with high activity and attention deficit disorder. He suffers from sudden behavior and behavior, distraction, learning disability, lack of concentration, severe motor restlessness and irritability, emotional instability, insomnia, severe negativity, disruption of antisocial behavior and mood swings and prevents silence. And the focus is on the class. In more severe cases, the child has an advanced behavioral disorder that should be referred to a psychiatrist and the child should receive education after taking the drug.

Cerebral Palsy

Cerebral palsy is a complication caused by damage to a small part of the brain that is responsible for controlling movements, and as a result of the injury, disorders in controlling the muscles of the body occur.

Source – Explanation

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