Health

Diagnosis of renal dysfunction

How can kidney cancer be diagnosed and how can we find out about this dangerous disease? With what symptoms in our body can we suspect a problem in our kidneys?

Urologists believe that kidney cancer is one of the 10 most dangerous diseases that are more likely to occur between the ages of 50 and 70 and is one of the most common cancers, which accounts for 2 to 4% of malignant cancers and is one of the three most important diseases in the field of urology. Is; It also affects men more than women (60%).

Smoking, like smoking, plays a big role in creating it. The first sign is usually the presence of blood in the urine, at which time the doctor detects the tumor by ultrasound and is accompanied by pain in the sides and pain in the abdomen. Most of the treatment is complete kidney removal and no other treatment is needed.

There are cancer cells in all human beings that die spontaneously or lose their destructive effect under the influence of the immune system. An important role in spontaneous death of cancer cells is played by pre-designed death cells (apoptosis). It is not clear why some cancer cells nevertheless survive and multiply. Certainly not a specific cause, but complex factors that combine to lead to cancer.

* Cause of kidney cancer:

Smoking plays a major role in kidney cancer.

– Weight gain, especially in women,

– Working in jobs that are exposed to asbestos and cadmium,

In dialysis patients, the risk of kidney cancer due to the formation of many cysts is 30 times

About 6% of these people develop kidney cancer over time.

Gene factors are rare (1%), often occurring early in both kidneys.

*prevention:

Avoid smoking,

Proper and healthy diet.

*signs:

Pain in the sides or unilaterally;

Blood in the urine

Feeling of pressure in the abdomen

High blood pressure

Fever

Headache fatigue

To lose weight

Decreased ability of the body,

Of course, each of these symptoms can be a sign of other diseases.

* Ways to recognize kidney cancer:

Ultrasound

CT scan, which is accompanied by anesthesia and is found to be malignant or optimistic.

Laboratory tests (urine and blood tests) that, when it is determined that the tumor is the next step in determining whether it has hit the bone or not? Then the function of the kidneys is checked. Angiography examines blood vessels,

Tumor depth pathology is revealed only by postoperative biopsy and tests.

* Chance of recovery:

The chances of recovery vary from person to person, and the sooner it is identified, the higher the chance of recovery.

*surgery:

The patient’s condition, age, whether the tumor is in one kidney or both kidneys, and if it is in one kidney, and how the other kidney works are important. Usually the kidneys involved with the tumor are removed altogether and the nearby muscles and adjacent lymphatic tissue as well. If both kidneys have a tumor or a person has a kidney and has a tumor, doctors try to remove the tumor and parts of the kidney so that it works. The kidneys remain.

The operation is performed under general anesthesia. The risk of surgery is 2 to 3 percent. In the first days after the operation, tea is often drunk and when the intestines regain their function, (3 to 4 days after the operation) the patient is given comfortable and light food.

According to these experts, chemotherapy is usually not effective in this disease, but in severe cases, it is done with immunotherapy. In severe cases, a decrease in calcium in the bone and an increase in it can be seen in the blood, along with excessive thirst, nausea, vomiting, muscle tremors, constipation, and forgetfulness can be associated with impaired heart rate.

The patient is often advised to drink plenty of fluids and eat plenty of salt. Along with the many ways to treat cancer, nutrition plays a very important role. Fasting or undereating is very dangerous and weakens the immune system. Quitting smoking reduces the chance of the disease coming back.

Up to 3 years after surgery, it is recommended that you have all the necessary tests every 3 months to find out if the cancer has returned. From the third year, once every six of us, and after a few years, once a year is enough.

About 30 to 40% of people get kidney cancer again. In 60 to 70% of them, it occurs in the first 2 years and in some people after 15 years.

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