Health

Diarrhea in the cold season and deal with it

Be careful when your child has diarrhea; if the child does not have urine or the volume of urine is severely reduced, it indicates a severe lack of fluids.

“Winter diarrhea is caused by a virus that can stay alive and active in the room for 24 hours, and the staining can show the virus,” the pediatric infectious disease specialist said in an interview.

He added: “It occurs through the hands and in fact non-observance of hygienic measures such as frequent hand washing in infants because the mother does not wash her hands and her sick child if one child is infected, as a result, the other child will also be infected with this disease.”

Tabatabai pointed out: “In developed countries of the world, a vaccine against winter diarrhea virus has been prepared and infants are vaccinated, and the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Association has also offered this, but because vaccination imposes a large financial burden and requires a large budget, and this possibility is still possible.” It has not been created in Iran, so at the moment the only way is to prevent hand washing.

“Children are accustomed to giving their toys and food to others, and in this way the winter diarrhea virus is transmitted between children, which is more common in kindergartens than in other homes and environments, so children should be given the same,” explained the pediatric infectious disease specialist. He taught them to prevent the disease by washing their hands frequently.

Winter diarrhea virus and its prevention and treatment

He stressed: “This disease has a period of several days and usually does not require antibiotics for treatment, and treatment regimens such as drinking more fluids and ORS are recommended to treat this disease.”

Tabatabai pointed out: Winter diarrhea is more common in children under 5 years of age, although adults also suffer from this complication and the disease stops on its own unless the disease becomes a problem in children with immunodeficiency, but usually eliminated with therapeutic fluids. It becomes.

The pediatric infectious disease specialist said: “Due to the fact that infants are not very resistant to diseases, due to diarrhea caused by this disease, they lose their body water more than before and are easily exposed to other diseases by reducing their body strength.”

He stressed: “Children who do not have a problem in terms of the immune system, have a proper diet with enough fluids and observe hygiene, will easily get over it if they get this disease.”

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