Health

Diseases related to ovarian cysts

What are the symptoms of ovarian cysts in women? What are the symptoms of these cysts in our body? How can we get rid of them?

Your period has been irregular for some time and you feel pain in your bladder. See your doctor and he or she will prescribe an ultrasound. An ultrasound reveals a 5 cm cyst in the ovary. You are very worried about the need for surgery or the consequences of having this cyst, and you eat yourself, but it is better to know that according to experts, ovarian cysts are not always malignant.

“Ovarian cysts are one of the most common manifestations of ovarian disease, one of the symptoms of which can be pelvic pain, especially on the side where the cyst is,” said Dr. Maryam Khadem, an obstetrician and gynecologist. “Menstrual irregularities and, if the cyst is large, a feeling of pressure in this area of ​​the body and fullness and heaviness in the abdomen and bladder area.”

“Of course, some women may find out who they are because of pain or menstrual irregularities, but in some cases, because they do not have symptoms, as long as they are pregnant and have problems,” she added. “He will not know who.”

“One of the concerns of women with ovarian cysts is whether any cysts require surgery or surgery,” she said. “To answer this question, it is best to first mention the types of ovarian cysts, which include functional ovarian cysts, including follicular, corpus luteum cysts (corpus luteum cysts), and tekalotein cysts, all of which are benign and usually do not cause symptoms and are not needed,” he said. They also do not have surgery. “However, any of these cysts can rupture if they are too large, hit in the abdomen, or even spontaneously, and in some cases lead to abdominal bleeding, in which case surgery must be performed.”

Dr. Khadem further explained: “In general, the appearance of ovarian cysts, especially in young women whose sonographic manifestations show a simple cyst, does not require surgery even up to 8 cm in size, and only reassuring the patient and taking painkillers in High-dose (HD) birth control pills are sufficient, and if the cyst is larger than 8 cm or shows sonographic signs of a complex cyst, to avoid the risk of rupture or malignancy, undergo ovarian cancer testing. “It can be removed and sent to a pathologist for diagnosis.”

“After menopause, women are more likely to have malignant ovarian masses, so more careful monitoring and Malignant tests and eventually surgery are necessary. “That is why early detection of ovarian cysts is so important in their treatment.”

Finally, Dr. Khadem warned that women who smoke or hookah should be aware that they are more likely to develop ovarian cysts. They take oral contraceptives and are less likely to develop ovarian cysts. Also, due to the fact that most of these cysts shrink or disappear on their own after two months, if a cyst is diagnosed, it is recommended that the person continue treatment for two months and repeat his sonography, because most of these cysts After two months, they automatically shrink or disappear. “But if the size of the cyst remains constant or larger than before, the doctor will make the necessary follow-up by performing malignant tests or performing surgery on the patient based on the answers and symptoms.”

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