Health

Do you have symptoms of MS?

Seyyed Amir Hejazi, Associate Professor of Qom University of Medical Sciences and a member of the university’s faculty, said about MS disease: For this disease to occur, there needs to be a genetic background, and several environmental factors must affect the individual’s body so that the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks the disease. intermediates (coverings on human nerve fibers) to act in the central nervous system.

He continued: The task of the middle courses is to increase the speed of nerve flow in a person several hundred to several thousand times. Loss of these fibers causes movement disorders and disability in a person.

Environmental factors affecting the incidence of MS

He stated: Among the most important environmental factors, we can mention stress (heavy mental or physical pressure), lack of vitamin 3D due to not being exposed to sunlight for a long time, trauma and viral infections.

The most common symptoms

This associate professor of Qom University of Medical Sciences said about the symptoms of MS: Sensory symptoms (tingling in the hands or feet, tingling or numbness of the limbs) are among the most common and the first symptoms that occur in MS patients. will find.

Regarding the most common symptoms of this disease, he added: When a person is exposed to extreme heat such as a sauna or a steam bath, these symptoms intensify. Normally, 50% of people have sensory symptoms at the beginning of MS disease, and during the progression of the disease, almost all MS sufferers experience these symptoms.

Hijazi stated that numbness of hands and feet does not mean MS disease in all cases and emphasized: other factors such as carpal tunnel syndrome, iron deficiency, high blood fat and vitamin deficiency also cause numbness of hands and feet.

He added: When MS sufferers wake up, they feel that there is a mist in front of their eyes, which is called optic neuritis. The person faces a disorder.

Hijazi said: 25% of people have optic nerve involvement at the beginning of MS disease, which increases to about 50% as the disease progresses.

This member of the faculty of the university reminded: the feeling of weakness in limbs such as hands or feet, especially after long-term walking or heavy exercise, is one of the common symptoms that occurs in MS sufferers, and this symptom is especially after Exacerbated by a hot bath or sauna or exposure to hot air. Also, in women, the feeling of weakness in the organs increases during menstruation.

Hejazi stated: Other symptoms that MS patients suffer from include cerebellar symptoms such as balance and speech disorders, hand tremors, severe and chronic dizziness, inability to grasp objects, and unbalanced eye movements. He pointed out that, of course, the prevalence of these symptoms is low.

By stating that the brain stem symptoms are considered as other symptoms of MS disease and appear in the form of dizziness, double vision and rarely swallowing disorders, he said: Other symptoms of MS patients include INO) (eye motor nerve palsy, often nerve 6) pointed out that in this disorder, when a person looks to the right, his left eye does not come in, and his right eye has a compensatory movement. Therefore, if this condition is bilateral, especially in young women, we suspect MS.

This associate professor of Qom University of Medical Sciences stated: paralysis of the 7th facial nerve, drooling, changes in the taste of food, feeling of pain or tightness in the face, stabbing pains in the face, limbs and cognitive symptoms are other symptoms of MS. they are counted as.

Hijazi added: About 40 to 70 percent of MS sufferers experience cognitive symptoms, reduction of the effective volume of brain cells, memory impairment, anxiety, worry, and sphincter disorders as the disease progresses.

He said: The most common age of MS disease is between the ages of 20 and 40, and more than 70% of patients are in this age group. Young people who suffer from clinical symptoms such as arm and leg weakness, movement disorders, decreased vision, double vision, dizziness and loss of balance without any specific cause should definitely refer to a neurologist to get the relevant tests and (MRI) done for them. take

Methods of controlling the symptoms of MS

Hijazi advised: There is still no definitive treatment for MS because a single cause does not play a role in the occurrence of this condition and several categories of causes interfere in its occurrence, but by using methods such as talking to the patient, Avoiding fatigue, anxiety and overwork, staying away from heat and other therapeutic methods, people with this condition can continue their normal life.

He reminded: Unfortunately, our country is now among the countries with a high prevalence of MS. This is despite the fact that in the past years we have been among the areas with moderate prevalence. Also, according to studies, if people have a genetic background of MS, but are sufficiently exposed to sunlight and do not suffer from vitamin D3 deficiency, they will not experience the symptoms of this condition throughout their life.

Young reporters

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