Endocarditis – symptoms, causes and treatment
Viral or bacterial infections can cause endocarditis, or be potentially life-threatening, although bacterial infections are significantly more common. Bacterial endocarditis is a serious risk for people with certain types of cardiovascular disease (CVD). And it may lead to bacterial infection in other parts of the body
Endocarditis consists of one infection Non-contagious that heart muscle, heart valves, and Endocardium It involves the inner lining of the cavities or valves of the heart.
- Early symptoms:
- Fatigue and weakness
- Fever, chills and profuse sweating, especially at night
- Weight Loss
- vague pains
- The presence of abnormal sound in the heart, late symptoms:
- Severe chills and high fever
- Shortness of breath during activity when suffering from this disease
- Swelling of the legs and abdomen
- Rapid or irregular heartbeat
Bacteria or fungi that enter the blood and infect the valves and lining of the heart in people who have already had heart damage (see the risk factors section below). Bacteria or fungi damage the heart’s valves, muscle, and lining, or exacerbate damage that already exists.
- Rheumatic fever
- Congenital heart disease
- After damage to the heart valves, the risk of endocarditis increases due to the following factors:
- Injecting contaminated substances into the bloodstream, for example with intravenous narcotics
- Abuse of alcohol
- Use of immunosuppressive drugs
- The presence of an artificial valve in the heart
If you have a damaged heart valve or an abnormal heart sound:
- Before performing any medical procedure during which there is a possibility of bacteria entering the blood, inform the doctor or dentist and receive appropriate antibiotics to prevent the occurrence of endocarditis.
- This issue should be considered especially before dental work, childbirth, and surgery in the urinary or digestive system.
- Never drink alcohol.
- Consult your doctor before becoming pregnant.
- Do not use injectable drugs.
It is usually curable with early diagnosis and treatment, but recovery may take weeks. If treatment is delayed, heart function will decrease and congestive heart failure and death will occur.
The formation of blood clots that may be the brainkidneys, or abdominal organs go and cause infection, AbscessOr stroke become Heart rhythm disorders (the most common Atrial fibrillation Is)
Diagnostic measures may include: counting cell Hi Blood and blood cultures, electrocardiogram, X-ray imaging of the heart and lungs, and Echocardiogram
- The goal of treatment is to eradicate the microbes with medication and provide supportive care to relieve symptoms.
- Hospitalization in the acute stage of the disease. Once the patient’s condition has stabilized, some patients can be discharged from the hospital and continue to be cared for at home.
- Surgery to replace an infected valve in some patients
- If you have a damaged heart valve, tell your doctor or dentist before any medical procedure. In some situations, antibiotics may be needed to prevent endocarditis.
- After getting rid of endokaritis, be under the doctor’s supervision regularly to prevent recurrence of the disease.
- Always carry a special bracelet or necklace that indicates your medical problem. In your wallet, write down the list of antibiotics you need to take before dental and medical work on a card.
Taking antibiotics for several weeks to fight infection. Antibiotics are often used by injection.
- Rest in bed until fully recovered. While resting in bed, bend and straighten your legs regularly to prevent blood clots from forming in the deep veins of the legs.
- Resume your normal activities during these diseases if your physical condition allows.
No special diet is recommended.
- If you or a member of your family have symptoms of endocarditis.
- If any of the following occur during or after treatment:
- Gaining body weight without changing the diet.
- The presence of blood in the urine
- Shortness of breath or chest pain
- Sudden weakness or paralysis in the muscles of the face, trunk, or limbs
22 December 1392 19:49
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