Human papilloma virus (HPV) is a type of virus. There are more than 100 types of HPV, and at least 40 of them are sexually transmitted. In the following, we examine the risks of contracting these types of viruses. Although HPV has no specific symptoms, some of them cause genital warts and hidden cancer. In this article from the section diseasesHello doctor, we are going to examine HPV.
Is HPV a common disease?
HPV is a common sexually transmitted disease. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, approximately 79 million Americans are infected with HPV. 14 million Americans get this disease every year. All people who have sex, regardless of their anatomy and gender, have experienced at least one type of HPV in their lifetime.
What causes HPV?
HPV is a virus, just like the common cold or flu virus, which can be very diverse. Some HPVs can cause genital warts.
How is HPV spread?
First, they are transmitted through skin contact. In most cases, it is caused by a sexual partner touching the wart. Ways of publication include contact:
- Female to female penis
- Female to male genitalia
- Vagina to penis
- Male to male penis
- The penis is complex
- finger to vagina
- Finger to penis
- finger to complex
HPV It can also be spread through oral sex, including:
- Mouth to female penis
- mouth to vagina
- Mouth to penis
- Mouth to testicles
- Mouth to mouth
Any sexual contact can cause HPV transmission even if there are no symptoms.
In rare cases, HPV can be passed to the baby during delivery.
In general, genital HPV with or without warts is unlikely to cause problems during pregnancy or childbirth.
Does HPV only affect vaginal sex?
HPV infects everyone. Although it involves a person in certain circumstances according to the type of relationship. For example, people who have complex sex are more likely to get HPV than people who have vaginal sex.
Although HPV-related cancer is less common in men. Some people may be more sensitive or have a weaker immune system, so they are more susceptible to this disease than others.
Men are sensitive to HPV and HIV diseases, and the development of these diseases causes genital warts, which are very difficult to treat.
How can HPV be diagnosed?
Certainly, a person cannot diagnose this disease unless he goes to a doctor for a checkup.
Doctors can diagnose this disease by sampling the cells inside the uterus.
A person can diagnose this disease by himself when he has genital warts, but he must see a doctor to be sure.
What are the symptoms of HPV?
HPV is usually asymptomatic. For this reason, most people are unaware that they are carriers of this virus.
In most people, these viruses go away on their own, so the person will never know they have it.
A sign of HPV can be genital warts, that is, it can present itself in the advanced stages. Therefore, you should be careful about single welds or group welds.
The resulting boils may:
- be wounded
- Be skin-colored or white
- Be raised or flat
- be in the shape of cauliflower
The size of the head of the boils (one millimeter) or the size of its bottom (1 cm)
All genital warts are not warts, that’s why it is necessary to see a doctor and have an examination.
The doctor can give recommendations to improve the problem.
How is HPV diagnosed?
If you have genital warts or any other problem, the doctor will take a part of the wart as a sample and send it to the laboratory for testing.
If you do not see these symptoms, they use an abnormal cervical test to diagnose.
Whenever this type of test is used, to ensure the answer, it is repeated again until the definitive answer is determined.
What is the difference between Pap test and HPV test?
Pap test is not done to detect HPV. It can only detect abnormal cells. In most cases, abnormal results are obtained for the following reasons:
Abnormal results can be caused by other sexually transmitted diseases.
In other words, the HPV test can detect the presence of HPV. It can also identify the type of virus.