Health

Factors affecting the development of anemia in the body

There are different types of anemia. A person develops anemia when new red blood cells are not made.

Our bodies constantly make new red blood cells to carry oxygen from the lungs to other parts of the body. If you always feel tired and weak, you may have anemia or anemia.

Anemia comes in many forms. The most common form of treatment is when the body does not receive enough iron, folate or vitamin B12. Researchers emphasize that iron deficiency is the most common anemia in the world. Iron deficiency can be caused by a variety of causes, including heavy menstrual bleeding in women, bleeding from wounds, cancer, and regular use of certain painkillers.

People with vitamin B12 deficiency anemia may have difficulty processing the vitamin. This type of anemia has symptoms such as fatigue, weakness, chest pain, shortness of breath, organ damage and nerve problems.

Aplastic anemia is another type of anemia that causes a deficiency of three types of blood cells: red blood cells, white blood cells that fight infection, and platelets that are involved in blood clotting. According to the US National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, bone marrow is not able to produce enough blood cells in this type of anemia. This disorder can lead to irregular heartbeat, enlarged heart, infection, bleeding, heart failure and even death.

Other types of anemia are not associated with low cell production but are caused by their destruction. Sickle cell anemia is a type of genetic anemia in which the shape of red blood cells is abnormal. They usually look like a flexible disc, but their inflexibility makes it difficult for them to move through blood vessels. They attach to the walls of blood vessels and block blood flow, thus preventing oxygen from reaching the tissues and separating them sequentially, and they die earlier than normal red blood cells.

According to the researchers, the lack of oxygen in the tissue can lead to sudden and severe attacks of pain. These pain attacks usually occur without warning and the person must go to the hospital. Other symptoms include fatigue and irregular heartbeat. In the long run, the lack of oxygen in the tissues damages them.

Other symptoms of anemia include paleness, lightheadedness, headache, or cold hands and feet.

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