The main function of the thyroid gland is to regulate hormones around the body. When this gland begins to secrete too much hormone, it is called hyperthyroidism. In this article from Hi doctor We have prepared facts about hyperthyroidism. We recommend that you read this article and do not miss. Join us.
As you can see in the picture, the thyroid gland is located in the neck and is butterfly shaped. The hormone that this gland secretes and enters the bloodstream controls the body’s metabolism and growth. Excessive secretion of these hormones affects many bodily functions.
There are many possible causes and symptoms for hyperthyroidism. The disease usually starts slowly but occurs suddenly in young people.
Hyperthyroidism is different from hypothyroidism. The word “hyper” in hyperthyroidism means excessive secretion of hormones, and the word “hypo” means very little or no thyroid secretion.
Hyperthyroidism in Women It is more common in men and is more likely to occur in people over the age of 60.
If the treatment of hyperthyroidism is not taken seriously, it can have a great impact on various functions of the body, including the heart. However, drugs can control the disease by reducing the secretion of hormones by the thyroid gland.
Facts About Hyperthyroidism
Hyperthyroidism occurs when the thyroid gland secretes too much hormone.
Graves’ disease is the most common disease of hyperthyroidism.
Medications can usually normalize hormone levels, but treatment for hyperthyroidism usually takes 1 to 2 years.
Hyperthyroidism can cause serious complications if left untreated.
If the patient is being treated, Pregnancy Can experience the natural.
Symptoms of hyperthyroidism
Symptoms are widespread and vary from person to person. People with mild hyperthyroidism are often unaware of their disease because they usually have no specific symptoms.
Read more: Thyroid symptoms in children and adolescents
The most common thyroid symptoms of hypothyroidism are:
Swelling in the neck caused by an enlarged thyroid gland or goiter
Nervousness and irritability, mood swings and decreased concentration
Shortness of breath
Fatigue and sleep disorders
High sensitivity to heat, excessive sweating and warm and moist skin
Increased bowel movements and urination
Infertility and loss of libido
Itchy skin with swelling
Loosening of nails
Menstrual problems in women, including short periods or no periods
Increased heart rate sometimes accompanied by seizures
Redness of the palms
Sudden weight gain or loss
These symptoms vary from person to person. Rarely does the disease experience all of these symptoms of hyperthyroidism.
Symptoms such as fatigue and excessive thirst are more severe in patients with diabetes.
People with heart disease are more likely to develop heart failure and other cardiovascular risks.
Cause of hyperthyroidism
There are several factors that can lead to hyperthyroidism:
It is the most common cause of hyperthyroidism and is also an autoimmune disease.
The main cause of Graves’ disease is not known, but it can have a genetic cause and can be seen in family members.
Graves’ disease is very common in women 20 to 40 years old, especially smokers.
This disease affects the eyes and causes discomfort and double nose. Patients with Graves’ disease usually have bulging eyes.
Nodular thyroid disease
Masses called nodules or nodules grow inside the thyroid gland. The reason for the growth of these masses is unknown. These lumps may have abnormal thyroid tissue but are usually benign or non-toxic. They also affect the regular function of the thyroid gland and cause hyperthyroidism.
The thyroid gland may be larger but usually painless. A person with a nodule or thyroid nodule can also touch these nodules by hand.
Excessive iodine intake
The thyroid gland takes iodine from the blood. Iodine is obtained from foods such as seafood, bread and salt. The thyroid gland uses iodine to secrete hormones.
The most important thyroid hormones are thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyroid (T3).
Excessive iodine supplementation causes the thyroid gland to secrete large amounts of hormones.
Some medications used to treat heart disease are high in iodine and can alter thyroid function.
Inflammation of the thyroid gland, which is often caused by a viral infection, is called thyroiditis. Symptoms of thyroiditis include fever, sore throat, pain when swallowing, and pain in the neck.
Follicular thyroid cancer
In rare cases, hyperthyroidism can be caused by thyroid cancer. Because malignant cells begin to secrete the hormones thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyroid (T3).
Diagnosis of hyperthyroidism
Questions about symptoms, a physical exam, and possibly a blood test are some of the things a doctor can do to diagnose hyperthyroidism.
Advanced hyperthyroidism is easily diagnosed because the symptoms are obvious. But it is more difficult to diagnose in the early stages.
A blood test called a thyroid function test can determine how your thyroid is working. This thyroid test measures the levels of the hormones thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyroid (T3) and thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH).
Read more: Learning to read thyroid test
Treatment of hyperthyroidism
Some medications reduce some thyroid symptoms, such as heart problems, and others control the secretion of hormones.
Antithyroid drugs prevent the thyroid gland from secreting too much thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyroid (T3).
After starting treatment, it may take weeks or months for the body’s hormone levels to return to normal. On average, the time frame for treating an overactive thyroid is between 1 and 2 years, but it can be longer.
Source: Info Health