Food style is one of the most important effective elements in using the food pattern of people, which determines the way of choosing, preparing, cooking, consuming and storing food.
Eating habits are rooted in various factors such as social, economic, cultural, geographic, religious, agricultural and many other factors that have passed down to people from generation to generation and are rooted in human beliefs. We usually follow eating habits without thinking and pondering and do not pay attention to their effects on our health, while many of our usual eating habits may be inappropriate and leave undesirable and sometimes irreparable effects on our health. Therefore, knowing the eating habits and their impact on human health is a very effective step in forming a correct and appropriate food pattern and having sufficient, balanced and varied nutrition. Now we examine some of the eating habits that can leave adverse effects on human nutrition and health:
1)Frying food for a long time
A lot of oil is usually used for frying food. Consuming oil in large quantities causes weight gain and obesity, which will bring unfortunate side effects. During frying, the temperature of the food reaches much higher than the boiling temperature, and at such a temperature, most of the nutrients in the food lose their nutritional value. At high temperatures and due to the use of a lot of oil, it will be difficult to digest food, so fried food is more difficult to digest than boiled food.
Consuming a lot of oil, which is used for frying food, causes blood lipids to rise and thus exposes a person to cardiovascular complications.
2) Adding too much salt to food
One of the functions of salt is to retain water in the body, so consuming too much salt causes water to accumulate in the body and cause swelling.
Consuming a lot of salt, especially for people who have high blood pressure, is not useful and it causes high blood pressure and thus facilitates the occurrence of heart attacks and strokes.
3) Drinking tea after meals
Tea has a substance called tannin, which combines with iron in plant sources to form a compound called iron tannate and causes iron to be removed from the body. It is obvious that this is especially harmful for people suffering from anemia and iron deficiency and aggravates their anemia.
Tea contains an anti-vitamin B1 factor (thiamine) and prevents the body from using vitamin B1. Therefore, we conclude that consuming tea shortly after or with food can expose a person to iron deficiency as well as vitamin B1 deficiency. Especially if the amount of iron or vitamin B1 in human food is not enough, it can have significant harmful effects.
4) Drink plenty of water and liquids with food
Drinking large amounts of liquids with food dilutes the digestive juices, and as a result, the digestive juices cannot have a full effect on the digestion of food, which results in disturbances in the digestion and absorption of food and causes bloating and disturbances in the digestive system. be
5) Eating fast and not chewing food well
The first stage of digestion of some food is done in the mouth and by the petalin enzyme present in oral saliva, and this is if the food is well chewed and crushed and smeared with oral saliva. If we eat in a hurry and do not chew the food well, there will be a disturbance in the digestion and absorption of food and this can cause heaviness, heartache and digestive discomfort.
6) Stress, excitement when eating
Any kind of stress and excitement during food consumption causes disturbances in the secretion of enzymes and digestive juices, and as a result, causes disturbances in the digestion and absorption of food, and nutrients cannot be fully consumed by the cells. As a result, humans may be exposed to malnutrition and its complications. In addition, disruption in digestion and absorption of food can cause many digestive disorders.
7) Eating food with no nutritional value
If substances such as chips, bulky cereals, carbonated soft drinks, all kinds of chocolates, candies, etc. are consumed in large quantities or eaten close to the main meals, they actually prevent the human appetite for eating during breakfast, lunch and to have dinner, it causes that the nutritional needs of the person are not met and as a result malnutrition occurs. Because these materials have no nutritional value and cannot meet the nutritional needs of humans. Therefore, if they replace the main food, they cause nutritional deficiencies and harm human health.
If the above-mentioned substances are consumed in large quantities in addition to the main food, because they are high in energy and fattening, they will cause weight gain and disorders caused by it. Many snacks or foods that are ready to sell in the market lose their nutritional value to a large extent due to the way they are prepared, cooked and stored. It is also possible that due to non-observance of hygiene points in the production process, there may be health problems and their consumption is harmful to human health. Various additives such as essential oils, colors and preservatives that are added to some foods are not natural substances and are part of chemical compounds, and if they are consumed excessively, they will be harmful to human health.
8) Using liquid oil to fry food
Liquid oil should not be used for frying food, especially for a long time. Because it melts faster than solid oil and causes the formation of substances that are very harmful to human health. Therefore, it is recommended to add liquid oil to salad or to the water of food that is being cooked.
9) Consuming food without fiber
Dietary fiber, which is found in plant sources such as vegetables, legumes, whole grains and fruits, especially with skin, has important effects on human health. including prevention and treatment of constipation, lowering blood cholesterol and thus preventing cardiovascular complications and maintaining heart health.
In societies where vegetables and fruits and other sources of dietary fiber are used in large quantities, the incidence of cancer, especially cancers of the digestive tract, is significantly lower. Dietary fiber controls blood sugar and is useful for people with diabetes. In this way, it causes the sugar obtained from the sugar-starch substances of the food to gradually enter the blood, and as a result, the sudden rise in blood sugar after eating or the sudden drop in blood sugar due to hunger are prevented.
Of course, people with diabetes, even with the consumption of fiber in food, should not overindulge in the consumption of sugar-starch substances. Dietary fiber also reduces the possibility of hernia and varicose veins. Because they are bulky, fiber materials occupy a lot of space in the stomach and prevent false appetite, and because they require a lot of chewing, they prevent overeating and are therefore effective in preventing obesity.
10) Skipping main meals
Some people skip one or two main meals to prevent or treat obesity. This causes the stomach to remain empty for a relatively long period of time, and prolonged hunger causes blood sugar to decrease and causes complications such as weakness, fatigue, dizziness, anxiety, impatience, and nervous complications.
In addition to the above, when the human body suffers from a lack of calories, it systematically orders fat storage, so to speak, it causes the person to binge eat, which immediately leads to excessive obesity and dieting.
Decreasing the main meals may also cause psychological stress in humans and the feeling of deprivation from eating, which can cause disturbances in human nutrition and health.
11) Consuming sweets after meals
Some people believe that it is necessary to use sweet substances to digest food. If this habit continues, it will cause obesity and its unfortunate consequences.
Tooth decay and decay is another complication that occurs due to the consumption of sweet substances. Because the acid produced by the sweet substances in the mouth damages the health of the teeth and causes them to decay, therefore, excessive consumption of sweet substances should be avoided.
12) Uniformity of the daily diet
It is necessary to use a variety of ingredients in the daily diet, because the absorption and metabolism of some foods is better in the presence of other ingredients. At the same time, by creating variety in daily food, human nutritional needs will be better met.
13) The influence of beliefs on nutrition
In some societies or among some families, there are certain beliefs about nutrition, and some of these beliefs may be wrong or harmful. Such nutritional beliefs are especially common regarding weight loss diets (such as not eating food and long fasting or eating one meal a day) and can cause a lot of damage to people’s health. Therefore, recognizing such beliefs and trying to change them will be an effective step in improving the nutrition of the society.
14) Wrong eating habits in diseases
During illness in some societies, there are certain eating habits that are mostly not beneficial for human health. For example, some people do not use water when they have diarrhea, which is a dangerous habit and can lead to death, especially in children and the elderly, due to the loss of body water and not compensating for the lost water.
Also, in many infectious and febrile diseases, some food prohibitions such as not consuming fruits and some protein substances are customary, which can cause malnutrition and aggravation of the disease, thus harming human health.