Supplements are mostly used to increase the body’s ability to build body and receive the vitamins and minerals needed by the body in people, but excessive use of supplements without consulting a doctor may cause complications such as hair loss in men and women. bring.Male hormones, including testosterone, which some athletes use as a drug supplement to increase their muscle mass without being medically necessary, have a variety of side effects, some of which occur on the skin and hair.
Hair Loss Side Effects of Testosterone Consumption:
One of the side effects of taking testosterone in people who are genetically predisposed to male pattern baldness is premature hair loss. Injection of this hormone into the body disrupts its normal levels in the body, and this disorder in susceptible individuals causes hair loss, which should occur in middle age and later, to occur at an early age.
Abnormal levels of this hormone in the body cause abnormal enlargement of sebaceous glands on the skin, and in the face, the skin becomes orange (with large and numerous pores). If there is a background of pimples and acne in the person, pimples and acne-like lesions appear on the skin that remain on the skin for a long time (even more than 6 months) even after stopping the drug.
Another skin condition occurs as a result of abnormal enlargement of muscle tissue because skin growth does not coordinate with muscle growth and muscle growth is faster, so torn skin fibers and red or purple lines appear on the surface of the skin called “stretch lines”. are. The connective tissue of the skin in these areas is thinner and there is no definitive treatment. These lines turn white after a few months and usually last a lifetime.
The effect of taking anabolic steroids on hair loss:
These drugs cause hair loss and hair growth, especially in men prone to hair loss, because testosterone produces a hormone called dihydrotestosterone due to the enzyme 5-alpha reductase in the scalp. The same hormone also leads hair follicles to premature hair loss. As a result, the hair becomes thinner and shorter than before, so that after a while only fluffy hair remains and eventually the hair disappears over time. Anabolic steroids are also derivatives of male hormones or testosterone. Hence, they leave the same effects and cause hair loss.
Corticosteroids, due to their male hormone properties, can cause hair loss in susceptible individuals. These drugs are used for long periods, and among them are betamethasone or prednisolone, which can cause damage and hair loss if used in high doses for a long time. However, with the end of the treatment period and discontinuation of the drug, its side effects disappear.
The effect of acetritin and isotretinoin on hair loss:
Acitritin and isotretinoin are used for acne and psoriasis. These two drugs – which belong to the family of retinoids (derivatives of vitamin A) – can cause damage to the hair.
Acitretin, which is used to treat psoriasis, can cause hair loss, discoloration or hair loss. Isotretinoin is also prescribed to relieve the pimples of youthful pride, and taking high doses for more than six months can cause hair loss. Fortunately, by stopping these drugs, hair loss will stop.
Effects of other drugs on hair:
There are other commonly used drugs that sometimes cause Damage and hair loss It becomes. In some cases, long-term use of the drugs listed below can be problematic:
Antidepressants: clomipramine, amoxapine, paroxetine, amitriptyline and fluoxetine.
Anticoagulants: tioclomarol, heparin (in high doses) and warfarin.
Antihypertensive drugs: methyl dopa, captopril (rarely), clonidine and enalapril.
Anti-inflammatory drugs: Colchicine (anticonvulsant).
Anticonvulsants: valproic acid (depakine) and valpromide (depamide).
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) used to treat pain and rheumatism: Naproxen and Solindac (rarely).
Antithyroid drugs (to regulate thyroid function): Thivauracil and levothyroxine (in high doses).
Beta-receptor blockers: propranolol, atenolol, bisoprolol, and nadolol.
Lithium medicine (mood stabilizer).
Antirheumatic drugs: Allocrizine.
Antimalarial drugs: mefloquine (rarely).
Compilation and collection Arash Tavakoli
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