Hepatitis is one of the most dangerous diseases that human beings have ever seen and has not yet been able to eradicate this disease. Many people around the world die every day due to hepatitis, and the main cause of death is the late diagnosis of this disease. Because this disease can be treated by timely diagnosis. Stay tuned to Dr. Salam.Hepatitis is not a fatal disease and can be easily treated if diagnosed early. It is more common in men, especially men between the ages of 23 and 50.
The head of the country’s hepatitis network said: “Hepatitis is not a deadly disease if it is diagnosed early and can be easily treated.” It is more common in men, especially men between the ages of 23 and 50.
Dr. Seyed Moayed Alaviyan, a specialist in gastroenterology and liver, said: “We are facing two types of hepatitis B virus and hepatitis C. in the world, which are among the two diseases that cause liver failure, liver cirrhosis and liver cancer This is why world and global health policies seek to control these two types of complications. Regarding hepatitis B. Due to the age of the virus and the prevalence of the disease in the world, it is estimated from 2 to 7%, according to the areas of high, low and medium prevalence in the whole world. Read more about this quoted by Salamat News.
Who is at risk for hepatitis?
He added: “The hepatitis B vaccine has been used for more than 40 years. Used in most countries of the world hepatitis B vaccine. They are included in their neonatal program because the vaccine is safe and therefore the prevalence of hepatitis in other countries following vaccination has decreased. But in our country, before the time of vaccination, we had a moderate or high prevalence in most countries, fortunately, since 1373, when the hepatitis B vaccine was given. Prevalence of hepatitis B was used in infants and high-risk individuals. In most parts of the country it has reached less than 2% and only 2 provinces of Golestan and Sistan and Baluchestan where the prevalence of the disease has been reported more than 2%.
The head of the country’s hepatitis network said: “It is estimated that we have about 1.4 million people with hepatitis, 70% of whom are unknown.” Hepatitis C. is a new virus that was unknown until the 1990s. In the past, the virus was transmitted through blood transfusions, and people with hemophilia, thalassemia, and dialysis were at the highest risk, but after 1996, when the blood was not infected. hepatitis It is being investigated that this option has diminished and people have recently been identified as high-risk measures in transmitting the virus through injecting drug use, high-risk sexual behavior, tattooing, cupping, and unsanitary dental procedures.
According to Alaviyan, fortunately in our country the prevalence of the disease is low and the health of the blood is high, in the Middle East we have one of the lowest prevalence of hepatitis virus. In Iran, 286 thousand people are infected with hepatitis C. There are diagnostic methods to diagnose hepatitis B. and C all over our country, and it is possible to perform those initial and specialized tests easily.
“Hepatitis B, C. There are no symptoms that we can cite to indicate that people suspect the virus in their body, and the only way to detect it is to get tested,” said the gastroenterologist. In advanced stages, the disease may manifest itself from fatigue and weakness and lethargy to jaundice and dehydration and swelling of the hands and feet. People with a family history of the disease are strongly advised to get tested for hepatitis. Hepatitis is a curable disease and is 100% controlled with medication. Fortunately, hepatitis C drugs are produced in Iran and are insured with an effectiveness of more than 98%.
The head of the country’s hepatitis network, in response to the question whether hepatitis can lead to liver transplantation, said: “Yes, if the disease is diagnosed in advanced stages and serious damage is done to the liver, leading to liver failure, and eventually the person will have to do it.” Is a liver transplant. We have at least 4 liver transplant centers in our country and more than 700 people perform this operation every year. Of course, this is the highest number of liver transplants in the Middle East. It should be noted the disease Hepatitis C. If diagnosed early, it can be completely cured by taking the drug for 3 to 6 months. Hepatitis B. can also be controlled and can be stopped by taking the drug.
According to Alaviyan, about 1.4 million people in Iran are infected with hepatitis B. and 200 million people in the world are infected with this disease, but hepatitis C. In Iran, about 286 thousand people have been identified and 700 million people in the world, Therefore, hepatitis B. is more common.
“Hepatitis B is mostly transmitted to the baby through the mother, but after vaccinating the babies, there is no risk of transmission, so pregnancy is easily possible for this group of patients,” he added. In the case of hepatitis C, transmission is no longer discussed due to the 100% eradication of the virus.
The head of the country’s hepatitis network noted: All drugs for Treatment of hepatitis We need to be produced and supplied in our country by the pharmaceutical industry, and we are proud to follow in the footsteps of the world, but the problems that exist in this regard are related to hepatitis C. Most people with the virus are infected. There are people who do not have good financial conditions and some do not even have an insurance book; Therefore, we ask the new government to at least help us more by providing free treatment to patients in prisons so that we can eradicate hepatitis over time.
“Hepatitis is not a fatal disease if it is diagnosed early and can be easily treated,” Alavian concluded. It is more common in men, especially men between the ages of 23 and 50.