How much do you know about Crimean Congo fever?

The outbreak of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever and the death of a number of compatriots have brought this disease back into the spotlight. Crimea-Congo fever, abbreviated as CCHF, is one of the most dangerous common diseases between humans and animals, which spreads every year at the beginning of the hot season. Since this virus is stable in nature, it is not possible to eradicate it and the only effective way of prevention; Public education is early diagnosis of disease and compliance with simple health tips. Although according to the Minister of Health, this disease is now under control and there is no need to worry about its widespread spread, but compliance with health and prevention tips is still very important. In the following, we will examine the mode of transmission, initial symptoms and treatment methods of this disease and introduce the best prevention methods, stay with Dr. Salam.

Methods of disease transmission to humans

  1. Hyaloma tick bite (the main vector of the virus)
  2. Transmission through insect bites
  3. Contact with secretions or blood of sick people
  4. Transmission by tick crushing
  5. Contact with the carcass, meat, blood and tissues of infected animals
  6. Breathing during contact with infected animals

– This disease has no specific symptoms in infected animals and only leads to fever. For this reason, most likely, people who deal with livestock will not notice the existence of the disease.

Birds other than ostriches are resistant to this disease.

Read more about: Prevention of Crimean Congo fever


– The symptoms of this disease gradually worsen and include headache, high fever, back pain, muscle and joint pain, heartache, diarrhea and vomiting, red eyes and bleeding.

– After about 4 days from the appearance of initial symptoms, the disease enters the bleeding stage, which is the most dangerous part for the patient. Most cases leading to death occur due to severe internal bleeding.

Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever is one of the most dangerous viral diseases, and if there is no or delayed treatment, there is a 30-50% chance of the patient dying.

– A vaccine for permanent prevention of Crimean-Congo fever has not yet been produced; But if the disease is diagnosed in the early stages, the probability of death decreases to less than 10%.

Prevention of this disease is easily possible. By procuring red meat from slaughterhouses approved by the Ministry of Health, there is no reason to worry about disease transmission.

– In order to eliminate the Crimean-Congo fever virus in red meat, it is sufficient to store it in the refrigerator or freezer for at least 24 hours before consumption. Cold will destroy possible viruses.

– If you intend to have fun and nature tourism, especially in rural areas, it is better to use tick-repelling ointments and if you buy red meat, store it in the refrigerator for at least one day.

– The virus of this disease is stable in nature and cannot be removed based on scientific evidence. For this reason, the best way to prevent the spread of this disease is public education.

– The virus of this disease can be transmitted from the deceased person’s body to others within 24 hours. For this reason and due to the transmission of the disease through mucous secretions and blood, deceased patients are buried in sealed covers by people equipped with anti-pollution clothes. Also, to prevent the transmission of the virus, the bodies of these patients are covered with lime at the time of burial to prevent the spread of the virus in the burial place.

– The first victim of Congo fever this year was a slaughterhouse worker in Razavi Khorasan, who had direct contact with the meat of infected animals.

Source: Ideal Life Magazine

July 3, 2016 10:10

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