We have provided explanations about common sexually transmitted infections during sexual intercourse and their transmission from an expert in this field. Join us.
Dr. Minoo Airmelo, with a board of obstetric and gynecological surgeons:
Sexually transmitted infections are more easily transmitted through intercourse without the use of condoms. Most of these infections occur in young people over 25 years old. Women aged 14 to 19 are three times more susceptible to sexually transmitted diseases than men of the same age.
Some sexually transmitted infections
Chlamydia is caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis, which infects only humans. It is the most common infectious agent of penile and eye diseases. Women with chlamydia usually have no symptoms, but some of the symptoms include:
• Changes in vaginal discharge
Mild pain in the lower abdomen
If left untreated, the following symptoms may occur:
Pain during intercourse
Bleeding between periods
Chancroid, also known as soft canker, is a bacterial infection caused by the bacterium Haemophilus dicreus. The main symptom of this disease is a painful sore on the penis. The disease is transmitted only through sexual contact. The disease is more common in developing countries and less common in affluent countries.
One to two weeks after infection, a bump forms that turns into a sore after one day and is very painful. If the base of the wound is scratched, it will usually cause bleeding. In 30 to 60% of cases, the lymph nodes will become swollen and painful (lymphadenopathy).
Erythromycin, azithromycin or ceftriaxone are used to treat chancroid.
Pubic lice are primarily transmitted through sexual contact, and pets have no role in transmitting human lice. Lice attach to pubic hair, as well as sometimes to the armpits, beard, eyelashes, and eyebrows, and feed on human blood.
AIDS or HIV
Simply put, HIV is a virus that causes AIDS. The immune system of people living with AIDS undergoes changes that make them weaker than those suffering from diseases and infections.
HIV is present in the body fluids of people infected with the virus such as semen, blood, breast milk and vaginal fluids. The virus can be transmitted through blood, vaginal intercourse, oral intercourse, breastfeeding, childbirth, and sharing contaminated syringes.
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a group of viruses that affect the skin and other moist organs in the body, such as the throat, cervix, anus, and mouth. There are more than 100 types of HPV, 40 of which can infect the genitals.
HPV infection can:
• Causes abnormal growth and changes in cervical cells and increases the risk of cervical cancer.
Causes genital warts, the most common type of sexually transmitted infection in developing countries.
The HPV virus is usually transmitted through vaginal, anal, and oral sex, or even just by touching the penis. In rare cases, the virus may be transmitted from mother to child during childbirth.
Vaccines are the best way to protect against HPV.
This article uses research from the Oxford Fertility Unit and Baby Center and the book Fully Fertile: A Holistic 12-Week Plan for Optimal Fertility by Jenny Lee Basel and Tommy Quinn.