Do you know what causes sinusitis? Which part of the body is this disease related to? Why do people who suffer from this disease feel more pain in the cold season? What are the symptoms of this disease? Let’s examine this disease together. Join Dr. Salam.
What is sinusitis?
The cavities that exist in the bones around the nose and in other parts of the face, and in which there is air, are called sinuses. In acute sinusitis, the sinuses become inflamed and swollen. The inflammation and swelling of the sinuses interferes with the discharge of secretions. and it increases the secretion of mucous fluid. This disease is common and makes it difficult for a person to breathe normally through the nose. If you suffer from sinusitis, the areas around the nose and eyes may swell and you may feel that your face is slightly swollen. has been You may feel a throbbing pain in your face or you may have a headache. Most often, acute sinusitis occurs after a cold.
Other causes that cause sinusitis include:
Viruses that cause most sinusitis are bacteria, allergies and sensitivities, nasal polyps and tumors, nasal deviation, fungal infections, and in some cases dental infections. The treatment of acute sinusitis depends on the causative agent. lead to severe infections and more serious complications. In cases where sinusitis lasts more than 8 weeks or recurs frequently, it is called chronic sinusitis.
What are the symptoms of sinusitis?
Symptoms of acute sinusitis include:
* Thick yellow or green secretions from the nose or back of the throat.
* Nasal congestion or blockage that causes difficulty in breathing through the nose.
* Pain, sensitivity to touch, swelling or feeling of pressure around the eyes, cheeks, nose or forehead.
* Pain in upper jaw and teeth.
* Decreased sense of smell and taste.
* Cough that may get worse at night.
Some other symptoms may include:
Ear pain, sore throat, bad breath, fatigue, irritability, fever, nausea.
When should you see a doctor?
If you have symptoms of mild sinusitis, you can start with basic home remedies and see your doctor if you experience any of the following:
* If your symptoms do not improve within a few days or get worse.
* If you have a fever above 1.38 Celsius.
* If you have a history of frequent sinusitis or a history of chronic sinusitis.
See a doctor immediately if you experience the following symptoms, as these symptoms may indicate a serious infection:
* Severe pain or swelling around the eyes, swelling in the forehead, severe headache, feeling confused, double vision or any change in normal vision, dryness or stiffness of the neck, shortness of breath.
What are the risk factors for sinusitis?
Your risk of developing sinusitis increases if you have any of the following conditions:
* Hay fever or other allergic disorder that affects the sinuses.
* Structural disorders in the nose such as deviation of the nasal septum, polyps or tumors.
* Some diseases such as cystic fibrosis, gastroesophageal reflux and immune system disorders such as defects in immunoglobulins and antibodies.
* Frequent exposure to polluted air such as smoking.
What are the complications of acute sinusitis?
Asthma attack: Sinusitis can act as the initiator of an asthma attack.
Chronic sinusitis: Acute sinusitis can become chronic sinusitis. If the symptoms of sinusitis last more than 8 weeks, chronic sinusitis has occurred.
Meningitis: The infection may spread to the brain and cause meningitis.
Vision problems: If the infection spreads to the eye socket, it may lead to decreased vision and even blindness in some cases. This condition is a medical emergency and requires immediate treatment to prevent permanent eye damage.
Vascular damage: The infection can spread to the veins that are located around the sinuses and cause interference in the blood flow of the brain and put the person at risk of stroke.
Ear infection: An acute sinus infection can occur along with an ear infection.
You can reduce the risk of sinusitis by taking these measures:
* Reduce the risk of upper respiratory infections. Reduce your contact with people who have a cold. Wash your hands alternately with soap and water, this is especially important before eating.
* Control your allergies and sensitivities. If you suffer from allergies, see a doctor to control your symptoms.
* Avoid smoking and exposure to polluted air. All tobacco products can cause irritation and inflammation of the upper airways, nose and lungs.
* Use air humidifiers and humid incense. If the air you breathe is dry, humidify the air to prevent sinus inflammation. Clean the humidifiers regularly and make sure they are free of dust.
Basic home remedies:
These measures can help relieve sinusitis symptoms:
* Get enough rest. This action makes your body fight the infection better and recover faster.
* Drink plenty of fluids. This thins the mucous secretions and makes them easier to drain. Avoid drinking drinks containing caffeine and alcohol because they aggravate the swelling of the nasal mucosa and sinuses.
* Incense your nose. Cover your head with a large towel and inhale the steam that rises from the hot water. Breathe it warm and moist. This will help reduce swelling and pain and discharge mucous secretions.
* Use warm water compresses on the face. Use warm towels to compress the face, cheeks and around the eyes. This procedure reduces pain.
* Wash your nose. Wash your nose with cooled boiled water with a little salt or with washing serum. You can also use a syringe for this. Rinsing your nose will help you recover.
* Place your head higher while sleeping. This action helps drain the sinuses and reduces congestion and nasal congestion.
In most cases, sinusitis does not require drug treatment because it is often caused by cold viruses. The treatments mentioned earlier are suitable for treating these cases and increase the speed of recovery.
In other cases, your doctor may use the following treatments. Depending on your symptoms, nasal rinses, anti-congestion and nasal congestion medications, steroid anti-inflammatory sprays, and pain relievers may be prescribed.
Antibiotics are usually prescribed in severe, recurrent, or resistant bacterial infections. If the doctor prescribes antibiotics for you, it is very important to complete the course of treatment and take the medication completely, and this means that you should Take the medicines for 10 to 14 days. Even if your symptoms improve, you should not stop the treatment. If you stop the treatment early, your disease may recur.
April 20, 2016 08:55
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