According to the latest researches and reviews of internal researchers, diabetes and blood pressure are two very common diseases among people in the society. These diseases are one of the most important causes of injury Kidney and can disable the kidneys of the affected person.
A kidney specialist says: When the stone Kidney If it is placed in the ureter, it should be removed immediately because if it stays in the same place for more than 4 weeks, it will cause suffocation and kidney failure.
Dr. Hossein Karmi about the most common kidney diseasestatement: disease kidney stone It exists all over the world. The prevalence of kidney stone disease in the country is about 8-10%, this disease is more common in men than women.
He added: kidney stone It happens at any age. The younger the age of its onset, the more often it is caused by underlying diseases. In young people, we look for underlying diseases that cause kidney stone They become, we are. High blood oxalate, high blood calcium, especially in hyperparathyroidism, can cause stone formation in the kidney.
This specialist Kidney And the urinary tract continued: low consumption of drinking water, high consumption of salt, excessive consumption of protein foods, inactivity, presence of urinary infections with certain bacteria and any obstruction in the urinary system; Whether this blockage is congenital or has been created over time; The existence of some underlying diseases such as hereditary diseases, the lack of some inhibitory substances are among the factors that make a person prone to developing kidney stone puts.
Signs and symptoms of kidney stones
This professor of Shahid Beheshti University stated: It is possible to create stones Kidney It may be completely asymptomatic in the body, or it may cause slight pains in the side, or the person may suffer from the most severe pain possible in the medical world, which is more severe than the pain of childbirth in women. Another symptom of kidney stones is blood in the urine, as well as infections that are resistant to treatment are among the symptoms of kidney stones.
Treatment of kidney stones
Kerami added: Fortunately, 95% of urinary system stones can be treated endoscopically and without surgery.
This specialist Kidney And the urinary tract said: If the size of the stone is less than 4 mm, more than 90% of them do not require treatment at all and it will be removed by itself, and if the size of the stone is between 4 mm and 6 mm, the chance of it being removed by itself is about 50%. And if the size of the stone is between 6 mm and 10 mm, there is a 10% possibility of its spontaneous elimination, and the person must see a doctor.
He continued: If the size of the stone Kidney If it is more than 6 mm or one centimeter, its treatment is done by extracorporeal stone crushing method, and in this case, the person goes to the stone crushing machine for three sessions and without anesthesia The person will be treated on an outpatient basis. If the patient is not cured by three stone crushing sessions, other methods should be tried to treat kidney stones.
Kerami also stated: usually for the treatment of patients who have not responded with stone breakers and also for the treatment of stones larger than 1.5 cm, PCNM is the treatment method. Kidney created by sending a camera into the kidney; They crush the stone and take it out piece by piece. In this surgical method, instead of 20 stitches, the patient will be treated with only 1 stitch and instead of being hospitalized for a week, he will be treated with one night in the hospital.
This professor of Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences in Tehran stated: If kidney stone Getting stuck in the ureter means suffocating the kidney and it should be treated as soon as possible because it disables the kidneys and we only have four weeks to treat these stones and after that the patient’s kidney will stop working forever.
One of the best ways to remove these stones is using endoscopy or PUL. In the endoscopic method, the camera enters the patient’s body through the bladder and removes the stone, and the patient is treated on an outpatient basis.
How to have healthier kidneys
Karmi said: Because KidneyTo have healthy teeth, we should drink water every 2 hours, reduce salt consumption and check up every six months. If blood pressure And those suffering from diabetes must control it.
He added: Today, one of the most common causes of injury to Kidneyand their failure comes from not controlling blood pressure and diabetes.
In the end, Kerami reminded: if a person is suffering from underlying diseases, they must be treated to prevent damage to the Kidney Don’t do it.