One of the most common causes of incurable blindness in the elderly is macular degeneration. But there are solutions to prevent yellow spot decay and its progression. In this article from Hi doctor Here are some ways to prevent yellow spot damage. Join us.
Yellow spot destruction Macular degeneration / AMD is the most common cause of blindness in the elderly. The macula is the light-sensitive part of the retina and is responsible for direct and clear vision, which is necessary for precise tasks such as reading and driving.
If you have a family history of the disease, you need to be more sensitive to ways to prevent the yellow spot from deteriorating; Because family history is one of the factors increasing the risk of infection.
Yellow spot degeneration gradually destroys central vision, and a person may have difficulty reading, writing, driving, or recognizing familiar faces after a while.
* Quit smoking
Turkish Cigarettes Probably the first way to prevent yellow spot damage. Research by public health experts at the University of Manchester in the UK shows that smokers are four times more likely to get the disease.
Eat dark leafy vegetables
Studies by researchers at the Massachusetts Institute of Vision and Hearing show that people who eat foods rich in carotenoids (found in the vegetables Green and orange), 43% less likely to get the disease.
Eat multivitamins and minerals
Providing vitamins in a way that you are sure of receiving and absorbing them is a good solution in many ways, especially eye health. Supply of all nutrients from diet It is difficult for the elderly. But consult your doctor to choose the right supplement.
Also, taking certain supplements can prevent the progression of macular degeneration. The most extensive clinical study conducted by the National Eye Institute shows that these supplements prevent the development of macular degeneration in the elderly; Especially if diagnosed and treated in the early and middle stages.
These supplements contain 500 mg of vitamin C, 400 mg of vitamin E, beta-carotene, zinc and copper, and in 25% of patients have prevented the progression of jaundice.
* Eat more fish
Elderly men who eat fish more than twice a week are 45 percent less likely to develop jaundice than those who eat less than once a week.
* Exercise regularly
Sport Regularly reduces the risk of yellow spot damage. The British Journal of Ophthalmology has published a report according to which 4,000 people between the ages of 43 and 86 were monitored over a period of 15 years. After examining risk factors such as weight, age, and cholesterol levels, the researchers found that people who had a more physically active lifestyle were 70 percent less likely to develop jaundice later in life. Activity was also defined in the lives of these people; Walk 2 miles a day (about 3.2 km) at least three times a week.
* Eat fruits and nuts every day
A Harvard Medical School study found that people who ate three or more servings of fruit a day had a lower risk of developing macular degeneration.
Another study from the Massachusetts Eye and Ear Clinic found that eating nuts prevented the development of early or moderate to advanced yellow spot decay.
Reduce processed carbohydrates
A diet high in carbohydrates increases the risk of developing the disease, which has been confirmed in a study published in the Journal of Clinical Nutrition. Highly processed foods with high glucose index increase sugar and insulin in the body.
Examples of these include white bread, white potatoes, donuts, and so on. Fruits, brown rice, whole grains, apple juice and carrot juice are low in glucose.
Control blood pressure and cholesterol
There is ample evidence that cholesterol control protects people from macular degeneration. Cholesterol is a fatty substance that stays in good blood vessels and prevents the flow of blood necessary for maintaining healthy tissue.
It is also important to control blood pressure; Because a lot of research shows that there is an important link between high blood pressure and the development of various types of jaundice.
* Wear sunglasses
Specific studies do not show that overexposure to the sun directly destroys the yellow spot, but some findings suggest that there is a link between the disease and exposure to UV / UV or ultraviolet light. .
For example, one study found that people who consumed very few antioxidants and were exposed to ultraviolet light at the same time were four times more likely to develop the disease. For this reason, the use of smoked glasses with UV protection is recommended.
The last recommendation is to see an ophthalmologist regularly. The American Academy of Ophthalmology recommends that you go for an eye exam at least once every two or three years, after the age of 45.