Pregnancy is a special and dangerous time process that develops inside another human mother. In the process, diseases such as a set of trophoblastic diseases of pregnancy may occur that endanger the mother and fetus. In the continuation of this article, our intention is to fully acquaint you with this disease and its types. Stay with us.
Trophoblastic diseases of pregnancy
Trophoblastic disease is a disease that may or may not be related to the pregnancy process, which is called GTD and NGTD, respectively. A well-known example of NGTD is ovarian choriocarcinoma in adolescent girls, which arises from embryonic trophoblastic cells in the ovary and has pathological features similar to GTD, but is very rare. Whether the fetus is formed or not) because they are invasive, they are also called neoplasms.
The overall prevalence of GTD varies from one case in 1,500 pregnancies (in the United States) to one in 80 to 120 pregnancies (in Asian countries including Indonesia, Taiwan, the Philippines, and Iran).
Note: Except for the trophoblastic tumor at the placenta, other GTNs have both syncytiotrophoblast and cytotrophoblast cell types.
The hydatid mole, also called molar, or mole, or grapefruit pregnancy, is responsible for 80% of GTD cases and is divided into complete (classic) and incomplete types. Complete mole is about 80% and incomplete mole is about 20% of pregnancy They form molar. These two types of moles are completely different in terms of cytogenic, histopathological and clinical behavior. But the hallmark of both is the presence of hyperplasia with atrophy of trophoblastic cells. The exact mechanism of GTD is not yet known.