The liver normally has about 5-10% of fat, which if this amount is more, it is called fatty liver. In this article from Hi doctor We have prepared the cause of fatty liver and the way to diagnose and treat it. We recommend that you read this article and do not miss. Join us.
What you need to know about fatty liver
Normally, 1-2% of liver tissue (liver) is made up of fat, if the amount of fat in the liver exceeds this amount, it is called fatty liver.
This accumulation of fat in the liver causes damage to normal liver cells and inflammation in them and eventually the death of these cells. In the long run, liver function is impaired in its various functions. The patient is alone from death.
The problem of fatty liver is now more common than before for various reasons, so that it seems that millions of people are affected by it and in the future one of the important reasons is the need for liver transplantation.
Why do we get fatty liver?
Increased accumulation of fat in the liver has two main causes, alcoholic and non-alcoholic. In alcoholic cases, as it is known, due to alcohol consumption, fat accumulation occurs in the liver and genetic factors and the presence of virus Hepatitis c And increased iron and obesity are effective in exacerbating this condition.
In the non-alcoholic type, which is very common, depending on the amount of fat accumulation and whether or not this accumulation of fat in the liver causes inflammation and irreversible changes, it may be important or not.
In cases of hepatitis, such as alcoholics, liver tissue damage occurs, even if they do not drink alcohol or consume it sparingly. In the long run, it can cause liver cirrhosis or liver cancer due to liver cell damage. And there is evidence that these people are at higher risk for heart disease.
What are the causes of fatty liver in non-alcoholic people?
Although not fully understood, it appears to be genetically predisposed to middle-aged people with Overweight And obesity and people with high cholesterol and blood triglycerides and patients with diabetes and sedentary lifestyle are more common.
Of course, other causes, such as certain medications, viral hepatitis, rapid weight loss, poor nutrition, and immune system disorders, all play a role.
A type of fatty liver that appears in pregnancy and due to hormonal changes and quickly becomes fatty liver and causes liver and kidney failure, bleeding and infection and is fatal for the mother and fetus and must be done quickly. Pregnancy Terminate.
Does fatty liver have symptoms?
In most cases, and especially in the early stages of the disease, there are no symptoms, but over the years and as the disease progresses, symptoms such as weakness and fatigue, loss of appetite, nausea and impaired memory and judgment and concentration appear.
Enlargement of the liver is sometimes seen on examination by a physician and pain on the right side below the ribs and dark spots on the skin, especially in the neck and armpits. Jaundice and liver failure and coma occur, which may require a liver transplant if possible.
Read more: Useful and harmful foods for fatty liver
How do we know if we have a fatty liver?
It often has no symptoms in the early stages, and the doctor accidentally notices an enlarged liver during the examination, or during periodic checkups of elevated liver enzymes, or during an ultrasound, we notice a fatty liver. In this case, the doctor examines the causes of the increase in enzymes and various causes of NPI to fatty liver.
In some cases, the most conclusive evidence for the existence of fatty liver is liver biopsy and microscopic examination.
Is there a cure for fatty liver?
There is currently no definitive cure, but treating underlying causes such as diabetes and obesity and improving diet can help.
Avoiding alcohol and high-calorie foods, not just fats, will help. Diet and increased activity that causes a slow and gradual weight loss of half to one kilogram per week and not severe and rapid weight loss is very useful. In fact, reducing the amount of calories in the body and increasing calorie fuel with exercise is the best way to treat and prevent
Is drug treatment helpful?
It is important to avoid unnecessary medications, and research has shown the effectiveness of some medications in helping to improve and restore fatty liver.
Therefore, the first step is to modify the diet and increase activity, which will gradually reduce excess weight, and at the same time stop consuming alcohol and unnecessary drugs, even vitamins, and in the next step, use some drugs to help reduce inflammation and prevent liver damage.
In cases of severe liver damage and liver failure, liver transplantation will be the only way to cure and save the patient.
Source: Iran Khabar