Health

Intestinal worms and parasites in children; Causes, symptoms and treatment

What causes intestinal worms and parasites in children? What are the ways to treat and diagnose its existence? Infections caused by intestinal parasites are the most common example of intestinal infections caused by intestinal parasites. These worms infect millions of people every year, and children are no exception. As a parent, you need to pay attention to this. But do not worry because it does not take long to get rid of this infection! This article is from the section diseases And Child health Read Dr. Salam to get acquainted with intestinal parasites in children.

What is a worm or intestinal parasite in children?

Intestinal worms or parasites are thin, light, moving worms that affect the gut. These worms are also called parasitic worms, living worms and worms. The worms in the parasite are highly contagious, and your child can become infected through contact with someone or something that contains the worms.

These worms enter the stomach and intestines and settle in the large intestine and lay eggs throughout the anus. In addition, only humans are exposed to the parasite. A study conducted in the United States found that about 20-40% of children in this country are infected with the parasite.

Do intestinal worms and parasites also occur in children?

Yes, children rarely get this complication. Children who are less active and do not eat solid foods or water have a zero risk of developing the parasite. Therefore, these people are less likely to suffer from this complication. In some cases, the parasite’s eggs and parasitic worms settle in children. In general, children usually have a clean anus because you constantly clean them around the anus with various cleansers. Therefore, they rarely get infections. When your child grows up and starts to be active and eat and drink, then his risk of developing this complication increases.

In this complication, the intestinal parasite moves to the large intestine and lays eggs there. Female intestinal parasites move from the intestine to the anal area to lay eggs. These creams cause severe itching and prevent the baby from sleeping well.

With this severe itching, the baby constantly scratches around his anus, and from there the worm eggs can enter the baby’s nails. Another cycle begins when the child puts his finger or hand in the mouth.

Intestinal parasites in children

How can a child be diagnosed with intestinal worms and parasites?

If your child has a parasite, he or she may have difficulty sleeping and nausea all the time. These symptoms are due to severe itching in his anal area.

Itching and burning around the anus (in girls, vaginal itching) is also one of the symptoms of this complication. This itching intensifies at night because the worms go to the anus to lay eggs. In girls, the infection can also spread to the vagina. Itching can be caused Skin infection The cause of this phenomenon is a bacterial infection.

Intestinal parasites in some cases cause nausea and vomiting. But this happens only if the number of intestinal parasites is very high. In some cases, the person develops intestinal inflammation, which occurs when the appendix is ​​blocked.

Parasites and intestinal parasites often do not cause any serious side effects such as bleeding in the abdomen, severe abdominal pain, anorexia and fever. If your child has any of these symptoms, it can be said that he has a more serious illness and you should go to medical centers immediately.

Diagnosis of intestinal worms and parasites in children

You can check your anus with a flashlight to dispel any doubts about the parasite in children. Since the worms lay eggs at night, you can check the anal area very early in the morning. Sometimes these worms can be detected on the surface of children’s stools and the tip of the vagina.

You can detect the presence of cream by inserting a clear adhesive tape into the baby’s anus. If there is a worm, it will stick to this tape. This method is also called “adhesive tape test”. You can take the sample to a pediatrician for a more accurate test. Blood tests are not used to diagnose parasitic infections.

Remember: If the baby only felt anal itching and no signs of worms or worm eggs were seen, this itching can be a sign of any other illness such as anal dryness, allergy to diapers, Bacterial infection Or diarrhea. A pediatrician can help you diagnose this complication correctly.

Intestinal parasites in children

Treatment of worms in children

Mild parasites go away on their own. But in cases with a little more intensity, the parasite causes itching and prevents the child from sleeping well. In cases where this complication is very severe, it may lead to chronic infections. So the simplest thing to remember is that you should not allow the infection to get worse and worse.

Medications prescribed by a pediatrician may prescribe medications such as mebendazole, pyrantel, and albendazole to kill intestinal worms and parasites. Sometimes a doctor prescribes treatment for the whole family because the parasitic infection is contagious and spreads quickly.

The symptoms of the parasitic infection disappear after a week of treatment. Since this treatment only kills the creams and has no other side effects, your doctor may repeat the same treatment for the next two weeks. This treatment can destroy the worm eggs left over from the first treatment.

When these two types of treatment are used, you may see a lot of worms in your baby’s stool that are moving and moving. In these cases, you do not need to worry because the worms are leaving the body.

Observe these tips during the treatment of parasites and intestinal worms

  • Use the treatment prescribed by your pediatrician to treat your child.
  • Take your baby to the bathroom every morning for a shower. Morning cleaning of the baby is very important because it destroys the eggs that were laid the night before.
  • Carefully clean the baby after each diaper change.
  • Wash all baby cribs, clothes, towels and old clothes with warm water as this will kill the worm eggs and prevent re-infection. Clean all the chairs and sofas in the house and vacuum all the carpets in the house.
  • Wash her toys with soap and warm water. Also keep the floor, table, and any surface that the child may come in contact with clean.
  • Keep the lights open and pull back the curtains until there is enough light in the room. Worm eggs are sensitive to sunlight and light destroys them.

Intestinal parasites in children

Home remedies to treat this complication

Although you can always talk to your child’s doctor about parasites and intestinal worms, you can use the following home remedies to treat this complication.

1- Garlic:

Garlic has antibacterial and antifungal properties, so it is mainly used in the treatment of infections. Use garlic in different foods because it is useful for children with parasites.

Make a paste and add some grated garlic to it until it is completely smooth, then add Vaseline. Use this substance on the buttocks and around the anus because it relieves itching and kills the parasite.

2- Castor oil and coconut oil:

When you mix castor oil and coconut oil, they can be very helpful in treating parasites.

Mix a teaspoon of castor oil with a teaspoon of coconut oil. Apply this mixture around the baby’s anus and genitals. This oil is very useful in treating itching.

Recurrence of intestinal worms and parasites:

Symptoms of infection and parasites may reappear after a few months. If you experience any of these symptoms again, call your doctor right away and seek treatment.

Intestinal parasites in children

What are the consequences of not treating parasites and intestinal worms?

If intestinal parasites and worms are not treated in children, they may have the following side effects:

  • Genital itching
  • Diarrhea
  • Vaginal discharge with genital rash and burning and itching of the skin
  • Enuresis

How to prevent intestinal worms and parasites in children?

Adequate and proper hygiene can prevent parasitic infections, if you follow good hygiene, you will not need any medication and hygiene can reduce the risk of re-infection. Here are some health steps you can take:

  • Clean your baby’s nails with a clean brush, this will prevent the worm eggs from getting stuck in the nails. Also keep them short.
  • Do not allow your child to chew his nails and eat his thumb.
  • Wash your hands before and after changing diapers.
  • Wash your baby’s bed regularly when he or she is struggling with an infection.
  • Wash your toilet seat daily to reduce the risk of infection.
  • Be careful not to scratch the baby around the anus.

If someone in your home is infected with the parasite and has been treated, wash their clothes and beds in warm water to get rid of the worms and their eggs. We hope you are fully aware of the parasitic infection in children and how to deal with it.

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