Genital warts are one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases. The way of transmitting this disease is sexual intercourse and for this reason, this disease is also in the category of sexually transmitted diseases. This disease, like other diseases, does not have pain or itching and is considered a viral disease.
Genital warts, a disease Sexually Transmitted Virus Is that it affects both sexes. The disease causes skin lesions in the form of small, full bumps on the skin or mucous membranes of the genital area that No pain or itching Are. Warts can be from A few weeks to a few months Occur after contact with an infected person. The causative agent is a virus called human papillomavirus, which also appears to play a role in causing some malignancies. More waste in Wet areas Are created.
through direct contact It occurs with genital warts that contain the virus and can pass through Sex, Contact with genital secretions and Contaminated clothing And also through Transmitted from mother to baby at birth.
Symptoms of genital warts:
1- The skin protrusions are solid, about 2 to a few millimeters in size, which may be numerous or even clustered.
2- They have no pain, burning and itching and are more contagious than normal warts in other areas of the body.
Although small warts will go away on their own without treatment after a while, but because this disease can cause malignancy, treatment and follow-up should be sought. Possibility Recurrence of the disease is also high Is. Genital warts may be onMen Leading to Urinary obstruction Or in Women Causes Cervical cancerTo be.
1- Sexual intercourse should be avoided until the lesions are completely healed because the possibility of transmission is high.
2- Using a condom in other situations reduces the risk of infection.
Scratching and manipulation of the lesions should also be avoided as it may transmit the infection or a secondary bacterial infection may occur.
4 – Hygiene and keeping the place of waste clean and dry helps to heal.
5- Like other sexually transmitted diseases, the best way to prevent it is to have reasonable and safe sexual intercourse.
6. Approved a new vaccine (FDA) developed by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in 2006 to prevent four strains of the wart virus called Gardasil, which can be injected three times at 6-month intervals for prevention.
5. (The appearance of the disease in children can indicate the possibility of sexual abuse of children, although there is a possibility of transmission from mother to child.)
The method of treatment is determined by the doctor according to the location of the involvement and the size of the lesions. Depending on the doctor, the treatment varies from topical medications such as podophyllin, cryotherapy and liquid nitrogen to laser or surgery.
Follow up By Pap smear test Ladies should face Seriously To be considered. Even further studies, such as tissue sampling, may be needed. Complete treatment of the lesions is recommended.