Gastritis includes swelling or inflammation of the stomach. . Gastritis may be painless or cause persistent stomach pain. In some cases, chronic gastritis is associated with ulcers and may increase the risk of stomach cancer. In many people, it gets better quickly with treatment
Gastritis or gastritis is a condition in which the stomach develops a mild inflammation or infection in the mucous membrane and usually occurs in two forms, acute and chronic gastritis. Sometimes gastritis can lead to stomach ulcers if prolonged.
What causes gastritis?
Smoking, overeating, especially eating foods that are not easily digested, excessive gastric acid secretion, bacterial or viral infections (this type of gastritis can be contagious), high caffeine consumption, and taking certain medications such as aspirin and medications. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), stress, poor diet, certain diseases that reduce the body’s resistance, fatigue or overwork, and finally the presence of Helicobacter pylori in the stomach can all cause gastritis.
Gastritis also sometimes occurs after major surgery or trauma, burns or severe infections. Certain diseases, such as severe anemia, can cause gastritis. It should be noted that sometimes the consumption of some stomach irritants such as spices or allergenic foods can also aggravate this problem.
What are the symptoms of gastritis?
The most common symptoms of this disease are pain and nausea, black stools due to gastrointestinal bleeding, burning sensation in the upper abdomen and sometimes vomiting, anorexia, fever, weakness, bloating, sharp and vague or annoying pain in the chest, stomach acid in the mouth and Rarely is diarrhea. Gastritis is also associated with burping or bloating.
In addition, in acute gastritis, symptoms such as bruising, feeling of fullness in the stomach, headache, dizziness, severe thirst, shortness of breath, abdominal distension, tenderness and tightness of the abdomen are observed.
Chronic gastritis may cause upset stomach and symptoms such as stomach ulcers.
How can gastritis be prevented?
Although you can not always prevent infection with Helicobacter pylori, the following tips are helpful in reducing your risk of developing gastritis.
* One of the most important ways to prevent this disease is to observe moderation in eating and drinking. Eat carefully. If you often have difficulty digesting food, increase the number of meals and reduce the amount of food in each meal. Avoid foods that irritate your stomach, such as spicy foods, acidic foods, fried or fatty foods.
Also, keep in mind that you should not skip meals and you should follow a regular diet for each day.
Avoid alcoholic beverages, as alcohol causes irritation and wear of the gastric mucosa, which can lead to inflammation and bleeding in the stomach.
* Do not smoke. Smoking disrupts the protective layer of the stomach and makes the stomach prone to gastritis as well as stomach ulcers. Cigarettes also increase stomach acid, delay gastric healing, and are a major risk factor for gastric cancer.
Avoid medications that upset your stomach as much as possible. Change the type of painkiller you use. Do not use drugs such as aspirin and ibuprofen if you can. Such drugs can lead to inflammation of the stomach and aggravate stomach irritations. Instead, you can take acetaminophen-containing painkillers.
You can also talk to your doctor about taking the right medicine to give you the best solution.
If you know what can cause or exacerbate gastritis in you, you should eliminate that factor, which usually improves within a few days.
What is the way to diagnose gastritis?
Diagnosis of this disease is made using the endoscopic method and seeing inside the stomach. In this method, a flexible tube is passed from the esophagus into the stomach. During endoscopy, a small piece of gastric mucosal tissue may be removed and sent to a laboratory for examination. The purpose of this procedure is to relieve the symptoms and eliminate the drug or substance that causes stomach upset.
What are the treatments for gastritis?
Treatment for gastritis depends on the specific cause, and may include lifestyle changes, medication or, in very rare cases, surgery to treat the disease or a specific condition that has led to gastritis.
In case of heavy bleeding, hospitalization may be required. For mild discomfort and pain, you can take stomach acid neutralizing drugs or acetaminophen, but do not take aspirin. Other medications, such as wound-healing medications, may be prescribed.
Do not eat solid foods on the first day of an gastritis attack. Drink only fluids, preferably milk or water. Gradually resume your normal diet, but avoid hot and spicy foods, alcohol, coffee and acidic foods until the symptoms are completely gone.
Finally, keep in mind that digestive problems, from simple stomach upsets to stomach cancers, can occur for many reasons, including the lifestyle we choose to control. In general, the gastrointestinal tract should be kept healthy, in which case the advice of doctors can be used.
The most important tips that can help you in this regard are having proper eating habits, maintaining a healthy and normal weight, exercising enough and controlling stress and stress.