Learn more about nausea and vomiting

Nausea is a feeling of discomfort and discomfort in the upper part of the stomach with involuntary urge to vomit. Nausea can be a sign of minor or serious disorders


Nausea and vomiting are very common symptoms caused by a wide range of conditions and factors, and are often caused by viral gastroenteritis, often mistakenly called “stomach flu” or “early morning sickness.” Many medications can cause nausea and vomiting, such as general anesthesia performed during surgery. Rarely, nausea and vomiting may be a serious or even life-threatening problem.


Nausea and vomiting may occur individually or together. Common causes are:

Gastroparesis (poor stomach muscle function)
General anesthesia
Excessive alcohol or drug use
Viral gastroenteritis (stomach flu)

Other causes of nausea and vomiting include:
Addison’s disease
Alcoholic hepatitis
Nervous anorexia
Cerebral hemorrhage
Brain tumor
Nervous overeating
Chronic renal failure
Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (a disease associated with adrenal function)
Crohn’s disease
Diabetic ketoacidosis
Ear infection (middle ear)
Food poisoning
Frontal lobe seizures
hit on head
Heart failure
Hirschsprung’s disease
Hyperparathyroidism (hyperactive parathyroid)
Hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid)
Parathyroid (overactive parathyroid)
Intestinal ischemia
Intracranial hematoma
Intestinal dislocation (in children)
Irritable Bowel Syndrome
liver cancer
Liver failure
Meniere’s disease
Milk allergy (in infants and children)
stomach ache
Pancreatic cancer
Pyloric stenosis (in infants)
Posterior fibrosis
Social Anxiety Disorder (Social Panic)
Stomach obstruction
Streptococcal sore throat (in children)
Temporal lobe seizures
Traumatic brain injury

When to see a doctor

If you experience nausea and vomiting with the following warning signs, seek medical attention immediately:
Chest pain
Severe abdominal pain and abdominal cramps
Blurred vision
Pale skin, cold and wet, high fever and stiff neck
Stool odor in vomit

If you have any of the following symptoms, ask someone to rush you to the hospital and get you treated:
Nausea and vomiting may be accompanied by severe pain or headache, especially if you have not had this type of headache before.
You have not been able to eat or drink anything for 12 hours or you have not been able to retain fluids in your body.
Signs and symptoms such as dehydration, excessive thirst, dry mouth, low urine, dark urine, weakness and dizziness.
Your vomit contains dark green blood.


Relax: Excessive activity and lack of adequate rest may worsen nausea symptoms.
Drink plenty of water: Cold sips of water, carbonated and sour drinks such as lemonade and water, as well as peppermint tea may help.
Avoid strong and irritating odors: The smell of food and cooking, perfume, smoke, heat, humidity, flickering light and driving are factors that may exacerbate the symptoms of nausea and vomiting.
Avoid sugary foods: Eat easily digestible foods such as gelatin, biscuits and toast. Try to include foods such as whole grains, rice, fruits, high-protein foods, and high-carbohydrate foods in your diet. Avoid fatty and spicy foods. Wait about six hours after the last time you vomited and then eat solid foods. .
If you have nausea during pregnancy, try to eat some crackers in the morning before getting out of bed.

Preparing to see a doctor

Make an appointment with your doctor if you have the following conditions:
If vomiting lasted more than two days for adults, for 24 hours in children and for 12 hours in infants or children under 2 years.
If the attacks of nausea and vomiting lasted longer than a month.
Unexplained weight loss with nausea and vomiting.

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