Health

Let’s know 6 common diseases in winter

Norovirus: This disease is also common in winter. Noroviruses are a group of viruses that cause inflammation of the stomach and colon wall (gastroenteritis). Noroviruses are sometimes called food poisoning because they are transmitted through food that contains the virus. When people have diarrhea and vomiting caused by noroviruses, the most important thing is to drink fluids and water to prevent dehydration. Children and the elderly should be especially protected because they are more at risk. By drinking fluids and in fact hydrotherapy, the risk of dehydration can be reduced.Painful joints: Many people with arthritis report that their symptoms worsen in the winter. Stiffness and joint pain in winter can be reduced with vigorous exercise and physical exercises. Meanwhile, swimming is an ideal sport and very suitable for joints.

Cold sores: These sores are a group of small blisters that can appear anywhere on the body. These sores are very painful and unpleasant and can be transmitted to others because they are caused by a viral infection that can be activated by a fever or a cold. There is no specific treatment for cold sores, but reducing stress levels, taking warm baths and walking can be helpful. These wounds can be prevented by preventing the transmission of viral infections, such as avoiding shared food dishes, kissing people, or not touching the infected area.

heart attack: Heart attacks are more common in winter due to increased blood pressure and more pressure on the heart. Staying warm at home and keeping the room temperature at 21°C or 70°F, using a hot water bottle or electric blanket to keep the bed warm, and wearing appropriate clothing for going out including a hat, scarf, and gloves. It can be effective in preventing heart attack in winter.

Raynaud’s syndrome: This phenomenon shows itself when the hands and fingers get cold. Cold hands are a sign of poor blood circulation in the blood vessels. In severe cases, medication should be used to reduce symptoms. Avoiding smoking or drinking caffeine, wearing warm gloves, socks and shoes when going outside in cold weather can be helpful.

dry skin: This problem is also very common in winter because the amount of humidity decreases. Contrary to popular belief, moisturizing lotions and creams are not completely absorbed by the skin. The best time to moisturize the skin is after bathing and before going to bed.

People with this disease may have to stay at home most of the cold days, especially when it is windy. Covering the mouth and nose, taking medicines on time and carrying a spray are ways to save patients from relapse.

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