Multiple myeloma and proper nutrition of patients with it

Multiple myeloma Or Multiple Myeloma , Is a type of malignant leukemia in which a malignant mass in the plasma cell develops from a single clone. Symptoms include bone pain or fractures, kidney failure, susceptibility to infection, anemia and hypercalcemia. When a person gets the disease, sometimes “eating” is the last thing he wants to do.

The symptoms of this leukemia and the side effects of its treatment can cause a severe decrease in appetite and the person is not willing to eat enough food. Of course, consuming enough and adequate food is an important part of a person’s healing process. A few diet tips can make it easy enough to eat and nourish your body.

1- The right time to eat in patients with multiple myeloma

Eating a few small meals a day may be better than eating two or three large meals. This keeps the person energized and helps them feel less nauseous. It is recommended to eat some useful snacks for times when there is a feeling of hunger. Alternative meals, which are considered as a way to get enough calories, should also be considered.

2- Appropriate foods in patients with multiple myeloma

Choosing the right foods in the diet can give the person the best balance of food. On the other hand, it helps to minimize the symptoms and side effects. Ask your nutritionist about adding the following foods:

The greens

Fruits and vegetables are full of antioxidants that give the body a chance to regenerate itself. It also fights constipation caused by medications and side effects of some cancer treatments. Your doctor may suggest that fruits and vegetables be eaten cooked; Sometimes raw foods can increase the risk Infection Be infected in the person, which is very dangerous for the disease.


If you have constipation due to chemotherapy, you should increase the amount of fiber in your diet. Fiber breaks down food and cleanses the intestines. Water and plum juice also help with bowel movements.

Good sources of fiber include:

  • Fruits (like apples and pears)
  • Dried fruits (such as figs and black plums)
  • All kinds of cereals
  • Oatmeal and other cereals
  • Nuts and seeds
  • Vegetables (such as broccoli, carrots, artichokes)

Tasty foods

On the other hand, if a person has diarrhea as a result of side effects, the doctor may give the person a low-fiber diet or BRAT diet, which includes: bananas – rice – apples – and toast. The sufferer may also want to drink broth or plenty of water to stay hydrated. If you have mouth sores, choose foods that are easy to swallow (such as pudding or mashed potatoes). Avoid foods that are spicy and irritate the tongue and mouth sores.


Cancer cells in bone marrow They may cause the expulsion of healthy blood cells from an infected person. This in turn causes a shortage of red blood cells anemiaIs called. If this happens, you may need to eat iron-rich foods (such as lean meats, beans, dark green leafy vegetables).

Vitamins and minerals

Physician or specialist Nutrition It may suggest that you take a supplement daily to ensure you are getting enough nutrients to stay healthy. This may include:

  • Iron
  • Vitamin D
  • fish oil

Be. Do not take any supplements without a doctor’s prescription. Some of them may affect how the treatment works.

3- Dietary abstinence in patients with Multiple myeloma

Some types of multiple myeloma weaken a person’s immune system. As a result, one needs to get rid of certain foods that may put one at risk. These foods include:

  • Red meat or raw fish
  • Soft-boiled eggs
  • Unpasteurized drinks
  • Sushi (an Asian dish made with raw fish)
  • Fruits and vegetables (unwashed)


Along with various medications and treatments, lifestyle changes can also have a big impact on Fight cancer Have in person. Healthy eating habits can be difficult at first, but the benefits can help keep a person’s body stronger for years.

Translated by: Sima Azadfallah

Rewriting: Farzaneh Pashaei

Any copying with the name of Dr. Salam and direct linking is allowed.

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