Nutrition for the treatment of gastric acid reflux

Gastric acid reflux can be caused by many factors. Consumption of spicy foods, chocolate, mint, coffee and fatty foods can be effective in aggravating gastric reflux. To prevent and reduce the symptoms of this complication, you can use foods such as ginger, oatmeal, fruits and low-fat meat.

What is gastric reflux?

Gastric reflux disease (GERD) occurs when stomach acid returns from the stomach to the esophagus, causing stomach pain or heartburn or heartburn. This happens when the esophageal sphincter (LES) is weakened or damaged. Normally, LES closes to prevent food from passing through the stomach and moving to the esophagus.

The foods you eat affect the amount of stomach acid you eat. Eating the right foods is the key to control stomach reflex Is GERD.

Nutrition for the treatment of gastric acid reflux

What should we eat to reduce stomach acid?

signs Reflux May be too much or too little stomach acid. Here are some foods that you can include in your diet to control the symptoms of acid reflux.

1. Vegetables

Vegetables are naturally low in fat and low in sugar and help reduce stomach acid. Good options include green beans, broccoli, asparagus, cauliflower, leafy vegetables, potatoes and cucumbers.

2. Ginger

Ginger has natural anti-inflammatory properties and is a natural way to treat heartburn and other digestive problems. You can add grated ginger root to your food or drink ginger tea to reduce symptoms.

3. Oatmeal

Oatmeal is a breakfast, whole grain and excellent source of fiber. Oats can absorb acid in the stomach and reduce the symptoms of GERD and treat stomach pain. Other fiber options include whole grain breads and rice bran.

4. Fruits other than citrus

Non-citrus fruits, such as melons, bananas, apples and pears, are less likely to irritate the stomach than other fruits.

5. Low fat meat

Lean meats such as chicken, turkey, fish and seafood, symptoms Reflux Reduce acid. Grill or boil them.

6. Egg whites

Egg whites are a good option. Avoid egg yolks as they are high in fat and may cause symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease.

7. Healthy fats

Sources of healthy fats include avocado, walnut, flaxseed, olive oil, sesame oil and sunflower oil. Reduce your intake of saturated fats and trans fats and replace them with these healthy unsaturated fats.

Stimulants of gastric reflux

Heartburn is a common symptom of acid reflux and GERD. After eating a particular meal or foods, you may experience a burning sensation in your stomach or chest. GERD can also cause vomiting due to the movement of acid into the esophagus. Other symptoms include:

Dry cough

Sore throat


Burning or hiccups

Difficulty swallowing

A lump in the throat

Many people with GERD find that certain foods cause their symptoms. No single diet can eliminate all the symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease, and different factors are different for everyone.

Nutrition for the treatment of gastric acid reflux

Common stimuli for people with GERD

Although doctors are debating what foods actually cause GERD symptoms, some foods have been shown to cause many problems for people. To control the symptoms, you can start by eliminating the following foods from your diet.

High fat foods

Fried and fatty foods calm the LES and allow more stomach acid to return to the esophagus. These foods delay the gastric emptying process. Eating high-fat foods makes you more prone to symptoms stomach reflex So reducing total fat daily can help.

The following foods are high in fat. Avoid them or use them infrequently.

Onion and French fries rings

Dairy products full of fat such as butter, milk, plain cheese and sour cream

Beef, or high-fat mutton

Desserts or snacks such as ice cream and chips

fatty foods

Tomatoes and citrus fruits

Fruits and vegetables are important in a healthy diet. But certain fruits, especially fruits with high acidity, can cause symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease. If you have recurrent gastric acid reflux, you should reduce or eliminate your intake of the following foods:




Lemon green


Chocolate contains a substance called methylxanthine. It has been shown to relax the LES muscle and increase reflux.

Garlic, onions and spicy foods

Spicy foods, such as onions and garlic, cause heartburn in many people.

These foods do not stimulate gastroesophageal reflux in everyone. Some of these foods, along with spicy foods, may irritate you more than others.


Mint and mint-flavored products, such as chewing gum and deodorants, can also cause gastroesophageal reflux disease.


People with stomach reflex They see their symptoms after drinking coffee at breakfast. This is because caffeine is a known cause of acid reflux.

Nutrition for the treatment of gastric acid reflux

changing life style

In addition to controlling symptoms Reflux With diet and nutrition, you can control your symptoms by changing your lifestyle. Try these tips:

Take antacids and other medications that reduce acid production

Do not use mint-flavored gum

Avoid alcohol

Do not lie down for at least two hours after eating

Do not eat from 3 to 4 hours before bedtime

Do not smoke

Do not overeat

What the research says

No diet to avoid stomach reflex Not proven. However, some foods may reduce some of the symptoms. Research shows that increasing fiber intake, especially fruits and vegetables, may protect against acid reflux or GERD.

Increasing your dietary fiber is generally a good idea. In addition to helping with GERD symptoms, fiber also reduces the risk of:

High blood fats and cholesterol

Uncontrolled blood sugar

Hemorrhoids and other intestinal problems

Talk to your doctor if you have questions about whether certain foods should be part of your diet. It is generally not possible to recommend a definitive treatment for GERD because foods that help improve acid reflux may be problematic for one person. Working with your doctor can help you create a diet to control or reduce symptoms.

People with GERD usually control their symptoms with lifestyle changes and over-the-counter medications. Talk to your doctor if lifestyle changes and medications do not improve your symptoms. Your doctor may recommend prescription medications or, in severe cases, surgery.


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