Pregnancy and thyroid disease

Thyroid problems in pregnant women should be controlled. These people should be under the supervision of endocrinologists and regulate their hormone levels. Iodine deficiency can have many negative effects on fetal health. Goiter or enlarged fetal thyroid gland are complications of maternal thyroid disorders. River.

With iodine deficiency during pregnancy, the production of thyroid hormone for fetal growth and development decreases, which leads to congenital hypothyroidism, impaired growth of the fetus’s brain and nervous system. The birth of a mentally retarded child is also a complication of iodine deficiency.

Pregnancy requires very small amounts of iodine for the body, but the same small amount is essential for the health of mother and baby. Adequate iodine can be obtained through the consumption of seafood twice a week or by consuming iodized salt.

In some areas where water and soil have lost their iodine and therefore the substances in these areas do not contain sufficient amounts of iodine, the doctor will prescribe low amounts of iodine to the pregnant woman, which should be taken under the supervision of a doctor. Excess iodine can cause goiter or enlarged fetal thyroid gland.

Θ Good sources

  • Shrimp
  • Fish
  • yogurt
  • Grilled potatoes
  • Lion
  • Beans
  • Boiled egg
  • Iodized salt
  • the banana
  • Strawberry

Eat protein-rich foods and carbohydrates such as whole-grain peanut butter biscuits or a bowl of cereal with milk to boost your energy and restore your energy.

Protein activates your brain’s nervous systems, and a combination of carbohydrates triggers a slow surge of energy and helps keep your energy levels high. Walking also helps maintain and restore your energy by increasing the pumping of blood to different parts of the body.

Θ Problems due to hypothyroidism in pregnancy

  • Abortion
  • Preterm delivery
  • Pregnancy poisoning
  • Pregnancy-induced hypertension
  • Developmental disorders in the child
  • Side effects such as decreased body iron and increased blood pressure
  • Brain damage in children such as cognitive disabilities

In addition to prescribing medication, the endocrinologist recommends that a pregnant woman have a thyroid test every six weeks to determine the amount of thyroid hormone in her blood.

Θ Common symptoms of hypothyroidism in pregnancy

  • Excessive fatigue in pregnancy
  • Lack of sufficient attention
  • Abnormal weight gain
  • Sleep disorders of pregnant women
  • joint’s pain
  • Muscle weakness
  • Flatulence and water retention in the body
  • Drooping eyelids
  • Puffiness and swelling of the face
  • Constipation
  • skin dryness
  • Pulse reduction
  • Muscle contractions
  • Confusion
  • rough voice

Prepared and edited by: Sanaz Motalebi Khameneh, nutritionist and dietitian

Source: Dr. Salam

Related link: Controlling diabetes and blood sugar in pregnancy

The importance of eating fish for people with hypothyroidism

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