Health

Prostate cancer is associated with these symptoms

Prostate Cancer, also known as prostate cancer, is the development of prostate cancer that grows as a gland in the male reproductive system. Most prostate cancers grow slowly, but some grow rapidly. According to researchers, cancer There are 5 different types of prostate.

Pain in the lower half of the body is a common symptom among men with prostate cancer. This pain usually occurs in the lower back, legs, and buttocks. The sufferer may also feel discomfort in the pelvis while sitting or, in general, have a slight pain in all the bones of the body.

Prostate cancer has been the most common cancer among American men for the past decade; And in the future, it will continue to be a serious threat to men’s health in the United States; According to the American Cancer Society, in 2014, more than 2,000 people were diagnosed with the disease as newcomers, and approximately 30,000 people lost their lives. The association also estimates that one in seven men will develop prostate cancer in their lifetime, around the age of 66.

According to returns; Knowing the answers to some questions such as what is prostate cancer, how can it be diagnosed, where does it come from, what are the factors that make a person more exposed to it, and how can it be prevented? Peacefully leave the middle-aged memory and confidence behind.

The following is an overview of the most important aspects of this cancer.

What is prostate cancer?

This type of cancer occurs in the prostate; The prostate is a small gland found in the reproductive system of most male mammals. This gland plays an important role in reproduction by secreting a fluid to carry and feed sperm.

There are different types of prostate cancer, each of which develops and progresses slightly differently. Cancer often develops gradually over time and does not carry the risk of widespread spread. On the other hand, some types of prostate cancer can spread very quickly and destructively. This cancer is specific to men, and often occurs in old age.

Prostate cancer can be deadly, but not as deadly as other cancers. The majority of men can cope with prostate cancer and do not actually die from it.

Symptoms of prostate cancer

When a person is in the early stages of prostate cancer, it usually takes a long time for significant symptoms of the disease to appear in his body. Just like other forms of cancer, it is much easier to treat in the early stages; Early detection and awareness of some information is crucial for men when the cancer has not yet progressed. However, if the disease enters later stages, it may cause the following symptoms in the patient:

Urinary problems

Many of the symptoms of prostate cancer appear in the urinary tract. This cancer may cause difficulty urinating, lower urinary pressure, cause pain when urinating and have blood in it.

My semen

The shape and appearance of semen often changes due to the presence of blood in it.

Pain and discomfort

Pain in the lower half of the body is a common symptom among men with prostate cancer. This pain usually occurs in the lower back, legs, and buttocks. The sufferer may also feel discomfort in the pelvis while sitting or, in general, have a slight pain in all the bones of the body.

Erectile dysfunction

The affected person may lose the ability to maintain an erection adequately for sexual intercourse.

But in fact, about two-thirds of men with prostate cancer do not have many of these symptoms. But the remaining one-third usually notice at least one of these symptoms.

Causes of prostate cancer

The underlying cause of prostate cancer is somewhat unclear. Medical research has only been able to point to cellular problems in this regard. Like other cancers, prostate cancer occurs when abnormal cells are produced in the gonads. These mutated cells spread much faster than healthy cells and take up more space in the prostate. The growth of these cells can lead to the formation of a tumor in the prostate tissue; The cells then separate from the tumor and grow in other parts of the body.

risk factors

Here are four very important risk factors for prostate cancer; However, it is difficult to say exactly which of these are more important, because the causes of this disease are still debatable.

Age

Age is by far the most important risk factor for men; For this reason, it is strongly recommended that men around the age of 40 have tests for the disease. The disease is very rare under the age of 50, and usually occurs most often between the ages of 60 and 70.

Genetics

There are statistics showing that having a family history of prostate cancer can triple the risk of developing the disease. If an older family member is diagnosed with this cancer before the age of 60, the risk of infecting younger members is even higher. The more infected relatives, especially first-degree relatives, the more likely a person is to have a defective cancer gene.

race

Prostate cancer is more common in black men than in other races. The risk of developing the disease is lower among Asian men, and white men are in the middle.

Obesity

According to some studies, the higher the body mass index, the higher the risk of prostate cancer. Doctors also point out that cancer is difficult to diagnose and treat in obese people.

Prevention of prostate cancer

There is no conclusive evidence that a particular food or diet can cause prostate cancer, but to prevent it, it is recommended that you eat a healthy and varied diet. Adequate intake of fatty acids, and essential vitamins and nutrients can reduce the risk of developing the disease and prevent obesity.

There are several lifestyle factors that can reduce the risk of prostate cancer. Men who have regular and frequent ejaculation and ejaculate, as well as those who regularly do strenuous exercise, are at lower risk.

It should be noted that any increase in prostate volume is not directly related to prostate cancer. Prostate enlargement in many men is caused by benign hyperplasia or hyperplasia, which is a low risk and is one of the most common diseases in older men.

Source: The Age of Iran

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