Health

Psoriasis treatments and how to get rid of it

What do you know about psoriasis treatments? Can the symptoms of this disease be reduced with home and natural treatments? Although psoriasis is incurable, it responds well to topical and systemic treatments. Even people with severe psoriasis and severe symptoms can often relieve themselves. In this article, we will review the treatments for psoriasis from the traditional medicine and diseases section of Dr. Salam.

Topical treatments for psoriasis

Topical treatments are applied directly to the affected area of ​​the skin and have no systemic side effects other than oral or injectable methods. Topical treatments for psoriasis include:

Salicylic acid

Some doctors recommend salicylic ointment, which softens the skin by increasing the scaling of psoriasis lesions. Extensive use in different parts of the body increases the absorption of this substance and causes side effects. Salicylic acid irritates the skin and weakens the hair, causing hair loss and temporary brittle hair. Low use of these compounds can have excellent results.

Steroid creams

The main treatment for psoriasis is the use of these creams, which reduce inflammation, relieve itching, and stop the production of cells that are overproduced in psoriasis. Stronger compounds have a better effect, but cause side effects such as dryness, burning, irritation and thinning of the skin. Be sure to use your doctor’s instructions to use these creams.

Topical ointments containing calcitriol and calcitrin

These ointments have been shown to be effective in treating psoriasis, especially when combined with topical corticosteroid creams. Small amounts should be used to prevent side effects.

Coal tar ointments and shampoos

These products can reduce the rapid growth of skin cells and relieve symptoms, but some people suffer from side effects, especially folliculitis, a rash that affects the hair follicles. These drugs should only be used under a doctor’s supervision.

Prescription retinoids

These medicinal compounds contain the synthetic form of vitamin A, which is helpful for psoriasis. These compounds do not act as quickly as steroids. Topical retinoids can sometimes cause dryness and irritation of the skin.

Psoriasis

Phototherapy for psoriasis

Even a normal dose of sunlight, not so much as to cause sunburn, can help heal the lesions of psoriasis in many people. Doctors recommend light therapy for refractory cases or cases that are difficult to respond to.

Psoralen combined with ultraviolet light A or UVA PUVA

This is one of the most effective treatments. However, this treatment is less commonly used today. Because it increases the risk of skin cancer, even for decades after stopping treatment.

Ultraviolet B or UVB light

Some doctors do this treatment alone with a light therapy box, or in combination with other treatments such as coal tar.

Narrow-band UVB treatment

This ultraviolet light treatment is more targeted and has a lower risk of cancer than PUVA and is just as effective.

Psoriasis

Oral and injectable medications for psoriasis

When other treatments fail, doctors use oral and prescription medications to treat psoriasis. Some of these drugs affect the immune system.

Methotrexate

It is used as a chemotherapy drug in the treatment of cancer as well as in various forms of arthritis. This drug can dramatically eliminate the lesions of psoriasis. However, it can cause a variety of side effects, so you should see your doctor for regular blood tests.

Oral retinoids

These vitamin A-like compounds can be mildly helpful in people with severe psoriasis. Pregnant women should take birth control pills while taking these medications. Because the use of these drugs is associated with an increased risk of birth defects.

Biological compounds

These drugs are used to control the immune system response. They are often used to treat severe psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis. These drugs, which are made from animal or human protein compounds, are very effective, but they are very expensive.

They include:

  • Adalimumab
  • brodalumab
  • certolizumab pegol etanercept
  • guselkumab
  • Remicade (infliximab)
  • ixekizumab secukinumab
  • ایلومیا (tildrakizumab)
  • Stellara (ustekinumab)

Are. Another drug, apremilast, has been shown to be effective in reducing joint pain and the skin symptoms of psoriasis. Its function is by suppressing the active enzyme in inflammation.

Psoriasis

Natural treatment for psoriasis

If medications do not work to improve the symptoms of psoriasis or cause unwanted side effects, people may seek natural remedies such as herbs and vitamins. Some people with psoriasis find natural sunlight and ocean water helpful. Some beach resorts offer special programs for people with psoriasis.

If you are considering these natural remedies, you can read more about common treatments for this type of treatment below:

Dead Sea salt:

Bath solutions, such as Dead Sea salt, oatmeal, or epsom salts, can help relieve psoriasis scabs and relieve itching. To use Dead Sea salt and other bath solutions, mix them with water in a tub and soak for 15 minutes. After getting out of the tub, apply a moisturizer to the skin. However, you should not expect much relief from the bath.

Aloevera:

Preliminary research suggests that aloe vera topical creams may be effective in relieving the symptoms of psoriasis. One study found that topical aloe vera was more effective than placebo. This product may not have much effect but it is helpful.

fish oil:

Fish oil can be helpful if given intravenously, but does not appear to be effective orally. However, some research shows that adding it to UVB treatment helps to improve that treatment.

Cayenne pepper:

Cayenne peppers have been used therapeutically for thousands of years. Capsaicin is a substance found in peppers that makes it spicy, and is used as an active ingredient in many soothing gels and creams. In one study, topical capsaicin cream relieved itching and skin lesions in psoriasis. Capsaicin causes a burning sensation that improves the more you take. You should wash your hands after using capsaicin and do not put it in your eyes or mouth while using it.

diet:

Patients with obese psoriasis who lost weight have been reported to have a significant improvement in their symptoms. There is little evidence that dietary restrictions such as a gluten-free diet can affect the symptoms of psoriasis.

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