Psychological recommendations for lack of appetite
Where is the root of anorexia nervosa and what factors play a role in causing it? What points should we consider in this regard?
It is strange that no one sees him eating any kind of food at any time during the day! Maybe eat a small breakfast. He does not eat lunch and avoids snacks because they are fattening. Such a person who, despite being thin, always struggles with the nightmare of getting fat and therefore refuses to eat, is suffering from anorexia nervosa. In such a disorder, which has a psychological aspect, the patient refuses to eat enough despite being hungry.
This type of anorexia nervosa gradually leads to physical symptoms and complications, such as eating very little food with very few calories, stopping menstruation, low blood pressure, lack of fat in the body, jaundice and pale skin, and depression. cause heart diseases or other dangerous diseases. In an interview with JamJam, Samieh Akbari, a senior psychology expert, considers the most important group at risk of eating disorders to be teenage and young girls and says: Eating disorders usually appear after a strict diet in people who are afraid of getting fat, tend to have a thin body. have, they pay extreme attention to their food, weight and appearance and are involved with feelings of depression, anxiety and the need to be perfect.
Who are the sufferers of anorexia?
The occurrence of eating problems depends on biological, psychological, social and psychotic factors, but none of them can cause it alone. According to this expert, according to cognitive behavioral patterns, people with eating disorders evaluate themselves based on their eating habits, appearance, weight, and their ability to control these things. Various studies have also shown that in these people, there are cognitive problems and conflicting beliefs that are not directly related to food, weight and appearance. Note, the age of this type of disorder is mostly between 10 and 30 years.
As you can see, anorexia nervosa is a special type of anorexia that is often seen in the teenage years. It is interesting to know that sufferers have normal or high intelligence and are mostly energetic, emotional, autocratic, self-opinionated and stubborn.
Akbari explains these things: such people refuse to eat without a clear reason, but they have normal energy and activity and do not look sick. Adolescents suffering from anorexia vomit as soon as they eat a little food, and in a situation where their illness is not severe, they limit themselves to eating a little bread, water, and simple foods.
He adds: In such cases, weight loss occurs quickly, and thinness and paleness become apparent within a few days.
Children with anorexia nervosa
Why do some children get anorexia nervosa?
The cause of this anorexia is mostly reduced to the relationship between the child and the mother and the family members, and finally, the obsession and anxiety of the mothers regarding the correct implementation of the child’s health and nutrition rules is considered one of the main and important factors.
Anorexia nervosa is more common in adolescence and puberty. Under the pretext that she has become fat and needs to go on a diet, the teenage girl refuses to eat, gradually feels disgust towards food, and if food is forcefully fed to her, she burns it with methods such as fasting or heavy sports, or by vomiting. And using laxatives will reverse it.
Slimming with the taste of disease
Severe and rapid weight loss, progressive weight loss, cessation of menstruation during three consecutive periods, delay in the development of puberty symptoms, paleness, anemia, lowering of body temperature, drop in blood pressure and heart rate, decreased metabolism and dry skin are some of the symptoms. The main one is eating disorder.
According to Akbari, these patients are sensitive, intelligent, emotional and often perfectionists, and anorexia nervosa is a clear sign of their internal losses, failures and failures, sudden events, internal conflicts, anxiety and depression. These patients are seen far more in high social classes and societies that are in favor of slimming.
This senior psychology expert adds: In the research that was conducted, they came to the conclusion that the risk of developing this condition in children who have eating disorders in early adolescence, late adolescence increases 9 times and in adulthood 20 times.
Emphasizing that this type of eating disorder is different from dieting, he emphasizes: Obesity is a type of malnutrition from the aspect of overeating and has nothing to do with eating disorders. In addition, behavioral changes and food patterns are relevant in obesity, while in eating disorders we focus more on the psychological issue.
Nutritional and psychological treatment
Eating disorders are difficult to treat in severe cases, and the rate of recurrence of symptoms is high, but recovery is possible over a very long period of time.
Treatment methods according to etiology for these patients include drug therapy, which means the use of antidepressants, family therapy, cognitive behavioral therapy, and correction of unrealistic and distorted beliefs that are imprinted in the patient’s mind. In other words, the therapist works with the parents to help the patient start eating again.
Salamat News: Slimming with the taste of disease