Longitudinal grooves in the nail
In this disease, groove-like lines appear along the nail. These lines are normal in many cases and are seen in very mild proportions in many people, but if these lines become deep or prominent and present in all nails, then they indicate more serious diseases. And the patient must see a doctor for treatment to prevent damage and deformation of his nails.
If the vertical groove is only on one nail, it is more likely to be caused by trauma or physical trauma. The blows to the nails do not have to be severe, but repeated and permanent light blows can also cause such problems.
Transverse grooves in nails
These grooves are created transversely on the nails and the cause of this problem is often the impact. But any factor that stops or reduces the activity of nail germ cells can cause this problem. Severe febrile illness and the use of certain medications, including chemotherapy drugs, can cause transverse grooves on the nails. Therefore, the presence of this sign is a warning for the patient to see a doctor to investigate the real cause. Transverse grooves are usually removed as the nail grows.
Nail brittleness is associated with dry skin, and because women are more exposed to factors that exacerbate dry skin, they are more likely to have this problem. These factors include excessive work with water and detergents without the use of gloves, excessive use of cosmetics, especially varnishes or cleansers due to the presence of irritants in them and.. Of course, the genetic predisposition of individuals is not ineffective in exacerbating these lesions. Contrary to popular belief, a lack of nutrients in the body does not cause problems or brittle nails. What damages nails is mostly environmental factors. Using gloves while working and moisturizing creams will be effective in improving this problem.
Detachment of the nail from the bed
Ankylosis is another name for nail removal from the bed. This problem is seen in some systemic diseases. If the number of nails involved is more than 2 to 3, there will be serious and important diseases that must be treated by a doctor. But most of the time, only one of the nails, and usually the big toenails, suffer from this complication due to environmental factors, such as high shoe pressure. Excessive lifting of the nails also makes them prone to various blows and even detachment of the nail from its bed. Frequent and intense cleaning of nails, known as pedicures and manicures, can sometimes cause nail problems. But one of the most common causes of nail detachment, especially if it occurs in a large number of nails, is nail psoriasis. The disease can be accompanied by other skin symptoms or a positive family history.
Sometimes the separation of the nail from its bed is accompanied by a change in the color of yellow, white or green. In this case, various infectious agents should be examined in the patient.
Nail biting or pitting is a common problem. Cavities are usually seen in two ways. Sometimes they are very superficial, regular and uniform, and are caused by superficial eczema and some autoimmune diseases that manifest on the skin. Like alopecia areata or alopecia areata, which manifests itself in the form of cavities on the nails. If the cause of the sore nail is eczema, it can be treated with topical treatments over time. But sometimes the cavities are very deep and deformed and make the nails and hands ugly. Oyster disease or psoriasis is one of the causes of this problem. In this case, it is necessary to see a dermatologist to examine and treat deep dimples.
Loss of nail polish
The nail clipper is a crescent-shaped area at the root of the nail that is usually seen below the nail plate. This area is the accumulation of nail germ cells. Occasionally there is a damage to the nail fungus and germ cells due to the damage that occurs when cleaning nails and cosmetic procedures. The appearance of nail polish varies from person to person, and inherited and genetically more or less nail polish may be seen. Lack of nail polish without changes in nail shape is not a big problem and is a natural change.
Dip your nails into the flesh around you
Nails embedded in flesh or fingernails are a common condition seen in many people. This condition mostly affects the toenails, but is sometimes seen on the hands due to improper nail trimming. The most important step to prevent nails from sinking into the flesh is to try not to cut the nails from the bottom and crescent. Instead, it is better for the nails to stay a little longer and have an angle. Applying moisturizer to the skin around the nails and maintaining good hygiene is effective in improving this problem. If sunken nails cause an infection at the site, avoid self-medication and see a dermatologist. Light surgery may be needed at the site to prevent the severity of the infection and the deformity of the nail.
Thickening of the nail plate
Nail thickening can be caused by several different factors. One of these factors is the accumulation of scales under the nail, which is usually caused by the addition of fungal infections in the nail. Of course, some factors such as eczema around the nails can also aggravate this condition. People with dry skin may also get their nails involved during skin eczema, which can cause the underarms to thicken and the nails to thicken. Another factor that causes this problem is strokes. However, it is recommended that you see a dermatologist to diagnose any of these causes.
Scaling around the nails
Scaling or shaving of the skin around the nails is usually due to dry weather and mainly in the cold seasons. Unfortunately, this can be bypassed-but not unless you’re a techie who knows what he’s doing. Wearing gloves is very effective in preventing and treating scabs, but sometimes gloves are not used properly. People who face this problem must use two gloves. It is better to wear cotton gloves and cover the hands during most hours of the day, and when washing and using detergents, rubber gloves should be worn on cotton gloves. Wearing rubber gloves alone may even aggravate the scaling.
Infections around the nails
One of the most common nail problems is a change in the appearance of the nail in the form of discoloration or deformation. Infections around the nails are usually divided into acute and chronic. There are usually three classes of microbial agents involved in fungal infections, including fungi, bacteria, and viruses. Fungal disease around the nails usually occurs in people who are prone to it. This talent includes environmental factors and hereditary factors and personal problems of each person. For example, people who work in humid environments or are exposed to a lot of water and humidity during the day, people who wear shoes for long hours and their feet sweat a lot, people who pool several times a week Patients with diabetes and patients with uncontrolled sugars, obese and overweight people are more likely to have this problem, especially if they do not do proper hygiene and washing of their skin. Such as chefs, hairdressers, dentists, athletes and…
Fungal infections can cause deformity and discoloration of the nails. Thick scabs usually form under the nails, all of which can lead to progressive deformities in the future. Because fungal infections are contagious, it is possible for an infection to spread from one nail to another or to be transmitted from person to person.
Nail color change
The problem of discoloration of the nails leads us to some important diseases, so any discoloration in the nails must be found, so seeing a dermatologist can be helpful. But whitening or white spots on the nails is a common problem. Sometimes this color change is regional and limited and sometimes it is more extensive and uniform. Contrary to popular belief that it is associated with nutritional deficiencies, regional nail whitening, which is seen as small, scattered spots, is usually caused by mild, frequent, and prolonged blows. And are not medically important. But if the spots have spread to the nails so widely that the nails are evenly bleached, we will suspect some internal diseases such as kidney and liver diseases. Sometimes there is no problem and the whitening of the nails is hereditary and genetic.
It should be noted that if the whitening of the nails is accompanied by changes in the shape of the nails, such as deformity, scaling or increase in thickness, then it is examined for fungal diseases.
Dr. Tabaei, pointing out that there may be various color changes in the nails, each of which can indicate a specific problem in the nails, continued: Of these cases, we can mention the blackening of the nails, which must be Pay attention to it because one of the symptoms of melanoma or skin cancer can appear as a black spot on the nail. Of course, the nails become black after severe blows due to bleeding in the nail bed, but this condition usually fades within a week or two and then disappears, but if a black spot is created with or without a blow, and It does not go away within 2 weeks and needs to be checked.
Sometimes a black spot on the nail is an empty product that is present in the nail bed or root and there is no need to worry, but yellowing of the nail, especially if a small amount of nail is involved, should be checked for fungal diseases. Hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism may also be associated with changes in the surface of the nail, the most common of which is yellowing of the nails or detachment from the bed.
He pointed out: “However, the problems that occur in the nails can indicate many internal diseases in the body, so it is better to inform your doctor if you see any problems in the nails.”