Health

Recognize the symptoms of kidney stones and prevent them

Kidney stones are small or large grains that form in all people. The size of the stones can vary, and most smaller stones do not require surgery. One or both kidneys may be involved. In this article, we want to tell you the signs that alert you to the presence of stones in your kidneys and explain the methods of treatment and prevention.

Symptoms of kidney stones

Early signs of kidney stones are mild or severe pain in the lower ribs. This pain occurs every few minutes, and after a period of time that may be several hours to several days, the pain spreads even to the groin. And is accompanied by nausea and vomiting

Another symptom that is observed in some patients is the excretion of some blood with urine and the color of urine goes to turbidity and turbidity.

All these symptoms stop and disappear after removing the stone, which we will explain more about in the following.

Kidney

However, regarding the cause of kidney stones, it can be stated that parathyroid disorders or excessive intake of calcium and vitamin D cause excessive excretion of calcium in the urine.

Decreased volume of urine excreted from the bladder due to obstruction of the urethra or various factors such as hot weather and excessive transpiration are also causes of kidney stones.

Increased parathyroid function for any reason and staying in bed for a long time and excessive alcohol consumption are also among the causes of kidney stones.

Prevention of kidney stones

If your body is rich in calcium, you should avoid consuming too much calcium, especially dairy products.

You also need to drink at least 3 liters of water a day and avoid activities that cause excessive sweating.

Treatment of kidney stones

If you have the above symptoms and you suspect the presence of kidney stones, it is necessary to put a filter paper or gauze when urinating to observe the excreted stone, then take it to the doctor because there are different types of kidney stones and the diagnosis of the type is the first Is the way to cure it

Kidney stones are diagnosed by urine tests, CT scans, ultrasound and urography

Usually, kidney stones do not need treatment if they do not cause problems such as obstruction of the urethra or infection.

But if the stone is larger and causes infection or prevents urination, it must be treated and eliminated.

There are various solutions for treatment, including the ability to dissolve it using chemical drugs, excrete it through the skin, remove it directly through the endoscope, crush it using ultrasound, and if The need for open surgery is mentioned very rarely

Diet for kidney stones

If your kidney stones are phosphorus or calcium stones, you need to reduce the amount of these elements in the body and avoid eating foods that contain calcium.

If your doctor diagnoses kidney stones as phosphate, eating foods and fruits that contain significant amounts of acid can help acidify urine and break down kidney stones.

And if the kidney stone is cystine type, in contrast to the above, you should use alkaline foods.

And in all types of kidney stones, daily consumption of 13-18 glasses of water is mandatory

Source: Khabarpo

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