Rosacea; Treatment, symptoms and side effects of rosacea

What is rosacea? Do you know the symptoms of this disease? Rosacea is a condition in which the blood vessels in the face enlarge, giving the cheeks and nose a reddish appearance. Rosacea is a progressive condition that affects the skin of the face. Many medications are available, from topical antibiotics to anti-inflammatory creams and low-dose oral antibiotics to control major symptoms. Some medications have warnings and side effects. In this article from the section Beauty, skin and hair And diseasesDr. Salam, we are examining rosacea.


Lifestyle changes, avoiding sensitive skin care, and avoiding known harmful substances will be very helpful in controlling these conditions. Rosacea is a progressive skin condition that affects 415 million people worldwide, including 16 million Americans.

It is often confused with adult acne and is a distinct condition with features of redness, inflammation such as purulent pimples and red bumps or pimples. Treatments include a number of medications to counteract inflammation, pimples and redness of the skin.

Symptoms of rosacea

We asked the FAAD, and a dermatologist and a clinical teacher at the University of California described the condition. Rosacea is an inflammatory skin condition that causes general redness and heat and enlarges the arteries on the skin. It is always associated with acne, eye and nose or chin symptoms.

Symptoms of nose and chin are due to the thickness of the skin, which is called inflammation of the nasal mucosa. Conditions that are more common in men than women. More than 60% of people have eye-related symptoms called rosacea.

Symptoms usually include dryness, burning, swelling, and inflammation of the eyelids or eyes. Rosacea is more common in people with brown skin, for example among Europeans or middle-aged and older people. This condition is associated with another skin enzyme that is inflammatory and is known as metalloprotein. “Blocking inflammatory enzymes can reduce the signs and symptoms,” said Dr. Scheinhaus.

Psychological effects of rosacea

The cause of rosacea is unknown. It is a chronic and often episodic condition (consecutive) that causes psychological and emotional distress and affects a person’s quality of life. Symptoms come and go without warning, causing embarrassment and affecting self-esteem. In fact, research has shown that almost half of those with rosacea escape social status and 76% live with less confidence.

Those with rosacea experience notoriety. Redness of the face is confused as a sign of alcoholism or pimples as a sign of personal health. Rosacea is confused with only 10% of people seeking professional care. This unfortunately means that it affects a person’s social and professional life on a daily basis and that is why it can be treated.


Effective elements in rosacea

To prevent sudden flare-ups, people with these conditions routinely consulted their dermatologist to determine the causes. Some of them include: sunlight (ultraviolet rays), high temperature (hot bath), exercise, spicy foods, hot drinks, alcohol and creams that burn the skin. Effects on certain bacteria, such as Bacillus ulronius, have been found in normal skin, and so are tiny worms, such as Demodex follicles. Other elements include psychological and physical stress.

Remedies for rosacea

There is no cure for rosacea, but a number of treatments have been developed to treat the condition, including light therapies. Medications used to treat rosacea include those that come in direct contact with your skin (topical) and those that are systemic (oral). Rosacea treatments help reduce redness of the skin and treat pimples and bumps. In general, the more severe the symptoms, the longer the treatment. The improvement should be apparent in four to six weeks, but may take longer because the condition will return if the medication is stopped. If it continues to progress with topical medications, oral antibiotics will be needed. The following medications have been prescribed by the US FDA to treat and manage rosacea.


Metronidazole topical gel or cream is an antibiotic that helps relieve swollen pimples, redness of the skin and blood vessels. There are very few side effects, including itching, burning, and dryness.

Azalaic acid:

Topical azalaic acid cream acts as an anti-inflammatory to treat pimples, sores and inflammation of rosacea. Causes mild skin burns, burning, itching, tenderness and dryness. Using a moisturizer before or after azaleaic acid reduces these side effects.


In the treatment of rosacea, there are oral antibiotics such as doxycycline for its antibiotic effect at lower doses. “These are used to block inflammatory metalloprotein enzymes that cause swelling, redness and swelling,” says Dr. Shinehaus. It is usually used for four to six weeks, but longer treatment is often needed. Common side effects in the gastrointestinal tract include diarrhea, vomiting, indigestion, bloating, abdominal pain and loss of appetite. Tetracycline also affects fetal birth control and should not be used during pregnancy.


Brimonidine tartrate:

This topical gel is safe and is an effective general treatment for severe redness of the face with rosacea. It is assumed that the blood vessels of the face constrict. Research has shown that it can work after 30 minutes of use and its effects last up to 12 hours. Unfortunately, this cream is not effective on blood vessels and pimples. Side effects include intensified skin redness, burns, itching and burning of the skin. More limited side effects include dry mouth, headache, numbness of the hands and feet, and dry skin. Worsening of the must redness is associated with rosacea and is known to have a reversible effect.

Sodium sulfur:

Sodium sulfur is an antibacterial agent that is effective against subcutaneous worms that form in rosacea. There is more evidence that increasing redness and pimples is more effective with metronidazole. A common form of any medicine that contains sulfur is the smell of rotten eggs. It also causes discoloration on clothes if combined with benzoyl peroxide (a common acne treatment). Although it does not cause problems for the skin and is added to the washing formula and so on. Side effects of this drug are very few and do not exist in general and are limited to responses such as dry skin, redness, itching and eye discomfort. Using it near the eyes causes irritation. Use in the eyes themselves is rare but causes serious skin reactions. Sodium sulfate should not be used in patients who are allergic to sulfonamides, sulfur or any of the other preparations. Sodium sulfate should be avoided in pregnant women or nursing women due to adverse side effects.


Topical ivermectin is an anti-inflammatory and anti-parasitic agent that is intended for micro-Demodex creams and is effective in treating swollen wounds. There is no minor issue with how it works, but oral Ivermectin is a well-known treatment for mites and worms. As mentioned, topical ivermectin may be effective in reducing follicular hair creams in humans. Studies using ivermectin have shown that it recurs after successful treatment with metronidazole. The most commonly reported side effect of ivermectin treatment is exacerbation of redness of the skin.


Oxymetazoline hydrochloride is a topical drug used to treat persistent redness in adult rosacea patients. This substance has long been used as a nasal decongestant. Oxymetazoline reduces the redness caused by rosacea by constricting blood vessels under the skin. This drug has few side effects, but its long-term evaluation is necessary to emphasize this drug. The most common side effects when used for rosacea skin reactions include exacerbation of pimples, itching, redness and pain. There are also important safety precautions for this drug. Because it affects blood pressure. Therefore, in heart patients, those with blood pressure problems, vascular insufficiency and gradual blindness should be used with caution. There is no information on the safety of the product in pregnant women or female nurses.


Oral isotretinoin is a medication often used to treat acne. It is also sometimes used in low doses to treat rosacea, especially in cases that are difficult to treat. However, this is not particularly approved by the FDA. Isotretinoin is a powerful drug that has many side effects and is usually prescribed by a dermatologist. Common side effects include dryness, cracking of the skin, lips, nostrils, swelling of the eyes or eyelids, muscle or joint pain, back pain, blood in the urine, and mood swings. It can also cause birth defects if used during pregnancy.


Lifestyle changes

Lifestyle changes including regular use of sunscreen, moisturizers, and sensitive skin care habits can be helpful. This means using soap-free cleaners, unscented moisturizers, avoiding astringents, and being gentle when washing all prevent swelling. Rosacea can be a lifelong condition, but as you can see there are many medications available to help you cope. Your dermatologist will help you plan and start a therapeutic diet. If you are afraid of having rosacea or have difficulty controlling it, see your doctor to find out treatment options available.

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