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What causes snoring What are the internal problems of people who snore during sleep? What effect does this complication have on their health and what changes does it cause in the way they sleep?

Today, the number of people with sleep disorders is much higher than in the past. Today’s busy and industrial life and the stresses imposed on a person on the one hand and the spread of various diseases on the other hand have caused many people to not have enough and natural sleep, both in terms of duration and quality.

One of the most common sleep problems is snoring at night, which not only reduces a person’s self-efficacy, but also often distracts those around them.
At first glance, you may think that snoring is not an important issue, but this seemingly simple problem has a serious impact on the lives of those who are chronically and severely affected.
Aside from daily fatigue and irritability, don’t forget that sleep disorders can trigger other illnesses.

*** Cause of snoring
Snoring, or snoring at night, occurs when air can not circulate freely through the nose and mouth.
This condition is usually caused by narrow airways, which is either due to poor posture during sleep or soft tissue abnormalities. All of these problems narrow the airways, making it difficult to pass air and snoring at night.

** The most common causes of snoring
Age: As you grow older, your throat becomes narrower and narrower, and the strength of the muscles in these areas decreases.
Gender and physiological differences: Men have narrower airways than women and are more prone to snoring. Narrow throat, cleft palate, large third tonsil and other physical features that lead to snoring are often inherited.
Problems of the nasal passages and sinuses: In addition to airway problems, obstruction of the airways also causes snoring.
Obesity: You must have noticed that snoring and other sleep disorders are more common in obese people. High fat tissue and low muscle contractility in obese people are the cause of this problem.
Alcohol, cigarettes and drugs: Alcohol, smoking and even taking certain medications can reduce the contraction of the throat muscles to cause snoring.
Sleeping position: Sleeping on your back usually exacerbates snoring, as it reduces the contraction of the throat muscles and clogs the airways.

*** What to do to reduce snoring

** changing life style
Weight loss: Losing only a few kilograms of weight to obese people can open the airways by affecting fat mass and often end in snoring.
Exercise: Physical activity can also help reduce and even stop snoring. Activities that put pressure on muscles such as the arms, legs and abdominal muscles are effective in reducing night snoring.
Quitting smoking: If you smoke, you are more likely to have sleep disorders, especially snoring and snoring at night. This is because smoking irritates the throat and nasal mucosa and blocks the airways.
Avoid sleeping pills and sedatives: The reason is that their sedative effects on the muscles of the throat and airways by reducing their contractile power, disrupt air passage and respiratory problems. So if you suffer from snoring, it is better to consult your doctor before taking these drugs.

** Necessary measures before going to bed
Cleansing the nose: Runny nose and stuffy nose As well as making it difficult to inhale air, they also cause snoring by blocking the passage of air.
Proper ventilation and humidity of the room: The possibility of snoring and breathing problems during sleep increases with increasing humidity. So having proper ventilation can be helpful in reducing these problems.

Iranian MS Association,

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