People with type 1 diabetes should follow some important points. These patients should pay more attention to their physical health. The nutritional principles of diabetic patients have been studied in this section. Get to know them in this section.
In type 1 diabetes (IDDM), the destruction of beta cells in the pancreas leads to a lack of insulin in the body, so insulin injections are necessary to prevent the risk of acidosis and death in people with the disease. Type 1 diabetes is more common in people under the age of 30, culminating in girls between the ages of 10 and 12 and boys between the ages of 12 and 14. People are thin at the beginning of the diagnosis and experience excessive thirst and severe weight loss.
Regular blood glucose control is one of the most important principles in the treatment of diabetic patients.
Unauthorized food in IDDM:
- Foods high in sodium include: Sausages, sausages or any canned food, chips and puffs
- High-cholesterol fatty foods: Any type of fried food, high-fat red meat, offal, chicken skin, mayonnaise and high-fat dairy
- Simple sugars in high quantities: sweets, biscuits, carbonated drinks, commercial fruit drinks, sugar, sugar, honey, jams and ice cream
Related link: Treatment of diabetes and heart disease with barley bread
◊ Sample diet in type 1 diabetes
This diet contains 1920 kcal of energy, 239 g of carbohydrates (50%), 103 g of protein (22%) and 58 g of fat (28%).
3 slices of bread + low-fat cheese 1 can of matches + skim milk 1 glass
Wholemeal bread 1 slice + 1 piece of fruit
Lunch: squash stew (rice 10 ounces + low fat beef 90 g + medium pumpkin 2 + liquid oil 2 tbsp) + low fat yogurt ½ glass + salad 1 bowl of salad with lemon juice or vinegar as desired
Low salt crackers 4 pieces + half a can of cheese + 1 piece of fruit
Chicken feed (2 small potatoes + skinless chicken 90 g + cooked carrots ½ glass + cooked green beans ½ glass) + seasonal salad
Low fat milk or yogurt ½ glass + whole grain bread 1 slice
Prepared and edited by: Sanaz Motalebi Khameneh, nutritionist and dietitian