Health

Sea lice; Symptoms, treatment and prevention of sea lice bites

What are sea lice? Red pimples from sea lice bites indicate that treatment is often unnecessary. Research shows that its prevalence in the coastal areas of the United States occurs intermittently between March and August, but peaks from April to early July. In the Caribbean, the mermaid grows during the summer and reaches its maximum in May. A few small tips can reduce the risk and minimize the symptoms of the disease. In this article from the section diseasesDr. Salam, we are examining pimples caused by sea lice.

What is a Sea Lice?

Its name is the only source of concern, from bizarre photos of parasites in the water and memories of the quarantine of a schoolboy with lice in his hair. In fact, lice are a misnomer here, a term that, in addition to being inaccurate, encompasses all small marine creatures. In fact, the creature behind the disease is the finger moth or sea anemone in the form of larvae. Unfortunately, such larvae are impossible to find – because they can be seen with the naked eye.

What are the symptoms of sea lice bites?

“The symptoms are usually mild and often obvious, so the disease is normal,” explained Dr. Jeffrey Frommo Weitz, a dermatologist at Boca Raton. “In some cases, they can be severe for weeks with flu-like symptoms.”

Potential symptoms

  • Itching caused by pimples, which are usually between 1 mm and 1 cm.
  • Nausea
  • Fever
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  • Restlessness or pain

A study in Florida found that about 9% of people with the disease experienced nausea, fever, or body aches. All those affected were under 16 years old. Another study showed fever in 8 of 57 cases. And in all of them, the children were 11 years old or younger. This suggests that children and adolescents are more sensitive to additional symptoms.

According to a study, their disease progresses between 4 and 24 hours and lasts up to 4 days. However, in rare cases it has been observed that these atmospheres persist for weeks. Its severity depends on the number of bites, the sensitivity of the person, and whether or not the person has been exposed to the toxin (in which case reactions appear to be worse).

Sea lice

What causes them to increase?

The high density of larvae, depending on the season, the current, unite on the surface of the water, which can be in contact with swimmers, surfers and snorkels.

These larvae contain a sting cell called a biting cell or nematocyst. Pressure, abrasion or contact with fresh water causes them to release toxins that cause an allergic reaction on the skin.

Swimwear or casual clothing worsens the situation by trapping larvae between the body and irritating bites. Similarly, lying on a surfboard or towel or sitting in a car seat with a wet body activates these cells. Acne mainly affects the wrinkles around the body when the nematocysts are exposed to pressure.

Getting rid of bites is easy – after the swimmer leaves the water, it will feel a slight itching sensation. Organs release their venom after death when they are injured, dried, or in contact with water (for example, when taking a shower).

Who is exposed to sea lice bites?

Acne related Lice Seasickness occurs in people who are exposed to finger-shaped mermaids or sea anemones in the form of larvae. The finger mermaid is found in the warm waters of Florida and the Caribbean. Sea anemones are also found in cooler waters, such as the beaches of Long Island, New York.

Although anyone can get pimples from sea lice, some people are more susceptible to getting them. In a 1993 study, 144 of 735 participants developed pimples from sea lice after traveling to the Florida coast for three weeks between May and June. The study found that children under the age of 16, surfers and people with a history of the disease had a higher risk of developing the disease.

Sea lice

How to treat pimples related to this type of lice?

If you think you may have been exposed to this disease, you can take the following specific steps. While your first task is to wipe with a towel or shower, it may make things worse. Nematocysts may be trapped in your swimsuit. Soaking them in fresh water or rubbing them with a towel can cause other bites.

Experts recommend that you take off your swimsuit as soon as possible and then wash your body in unpolluted seawater. Use stroking your hands instead of towels to dry.

Dermatologists recommend that you use dilute vinegar or alcohol on your skin to neutralize the toxin when the skin is dry.

Swimwear and other clothing used before washing the body should be thoroughly washed with detergent or vinegar and then dried. One study found that the drying of the swimsuit could cause the symptom to recur in later use.

In the next case, this issue is related to the management of discomfort until the pain subsides.

“Ice packs can help relieve pain and itching,” advises Dr. Frommovitz. You can also use OTC hydrocortisone ointment or take antihistamines (Benadryl, Claritin, Allegra). In more severe reactions, in the case of topical steroids or prednisone, you may need to see a dermatologist.

Other experts recommend bathing with colloidal powder or using calamine cleanser for better relief. Calamine cleanser is a warning that should not be used with antihistamines because it may have toxic effects (especially in children).

Anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen and aspirin can help reduce pain and inflammation.

Are these pimples contagious?

These bright red pimples are located in areas such as the groin and include itching that occurs with the other Sexually transmitted diseases Or Chickenpox Be in touch.

The disease is an allergic reaction to toxic larvae and is not contagious. However, it should be noted that stinging cells (nematocysts) remain on ordinary clothing and swimwear for a long time after use. Affected beachwear should also be washed to prevent the spread of problems.

How to prevent pimples related to sea lice?

Unfortunately, avoiding contact with mermaids or sea anemone larvae is the only way to prevent injury.

“There is nothing else that can be done to prevent stings,” said Dr Frommovitz. “Some people use barrier creams, but the sting cells seem to penetrate the skin, and swimmers still get this type of pimple.”

Pay attention to written warnings and avoid going to places where swimmers have spread the signs.

Choosing a swimsuit can also reduce the risk. Avoid wearing a T-shirt or loose-fitting clothing that acts like a net for nematocysts. Females can choose two-piece or one-piece swimsuits to reduce the area where the larvae are trapped.

Tighter fabrics also include a variety of defenses. “Properly wet clothing may limit exposure to the corners of the clothing,” said Dr. Frommovitz.

Sea lice

Are there any side effects or long-term side effects?

“The main side effects of acne scars are itching and itching,” explains Dr. Carolyn Chang, an East Greenwich dermatologist.

In addition to wounds, excessive scratches can lead to bacterial infections.

Symptoms of infection include increased pain, swelling, pus, redness of the skin, or heat around the affected areas. Fever is one of these symptoms.

Last word – relax and spend your summer

One of the unpleasant possibilities of summer is that the formation of pimples related to sea lice is not dangerous and you should not be discouraged from enjoying by the sea. Prevention is your best defense. Consult a dermatologist for treatment if symptoms appear unpleasant or persistent.

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