Sexually transmitted diseases are infections that are transmitted from one person to another during sexual activity, causing disease or damage to the body. The pathogen that causes the disease may be bacteria, viruses, or parasites. transmit sexually transmitted diseases, as well as sexually transmitted infections (STIs), causing significant concern
Sexually transmitted diseases or STDs are sexually transmitted diseases that are transmitted from one person to another during the contact of the genital (or reproductive system) of one partner with the genital – anus – mouth or throat of another partner. STDs can also be transmitted by viruses, bacteria, or parasites. These microorganisms can enter the body and infect the skin, mucous membrane, vagina, rectum, ureter, cervix, eyes, mouth, and throat. The presence of any abnormal and foul-smelling secretions, itching, burning, dysuria, dysparonia, sores in the genital areas are possible signs of infection. In such cases, a person should see a doctor and be treated.
* STD in women tends to be more severe than men.
* STDs may cause cervical cancer.
* STD can be transmitted from mother to child, before, during pregnancy or immediately after delivery.
* Researchers believe that having an STD (other than AIDS) increases the chance of getting AIDS.
There are at least 5 key things to know about STDs in America:
* STD exists on women and men at every economic and educational level and is seen mostly among teenage girls and under 25 years old. Almost two-thirds of all STDs occur in the younger population under the age of 25.
* The incidence of STDs is increasing because in the past several centuries, people have become sexually active earlier and married later, and in addition, divorce has increased.
* In most cases, STD has no symptoms (especially in women) and when the symptoms develop, the parent is actually involved, so doctors give tests for screening and diagnosing the disease for people who have multiple sexual partners.
* In women, there are more risks of STI infection (sexually transmitted infection) than in men, and in fact, the disease becomes more advanced in the asymptomatic state and causes more complications in women. It is transmitted during pregnancy or immediately after delivery, some of these infections are easily treated in the child, but some of these infections cause complications (disability) and even the death of the child.
* When the disease is diagnosed in the early stages, it is easily treated, and in some STDs, STD diseases increase the chance of contracting AIDS. How can we prevent sexually transmitted diseases?
It is possible to reduce the risk of STD infection in the following ways:
* Having sex with an uninfected person
* Correct and continuous use of condoms in men
* Using clean syringes for injection
* Prevention and control of STD diseases, to reduce the risk of HIV infection and reduce the risk of STDs
* delaying the first sex as much as possible; Younger people are much more prone to getting STDs when they have sex for the first time.
A sexually active person should:
* Regular control for STD disease, even if there are no symptoms and especially if you have sex with a new partner.
* Knowing the symptoms of STD and if you see the smallest symptoms, go to the treatment units.
* Avoiding having sex during menstruation, when women with HIV are more infected and HIV-uninfected people are more susceptible to infection during this time.
* Avoiding contact with the anus, and if this is done, using a condom in men.
* Avoiding vaginal douching, because some bacteria enter the vagina and increase the risk of STD.